Advertisement

No Margin, No Mission: Challenges for Catholic Urban Schools in the USA

  • Joseph O’Keefe (SJ)
  • Aubrey Scheopner (SJ)
Part of the International Handbooks of Religion and Education book series (IHRE, volume 2)

In the USA over 220 Catholic schools closed in 2006, many of which were in urban areas, leaving a number of parents, students, and teachers forced to find new schools. Financial troubles are affl icting Catholic schools around the country as parish subsidies decrease and school enrollments drop, while the costs of educating students in Catholic schools increases. But Catholic schools are still an indispensable presence in urban education. Urban education in the USA is inadequate. Catholic schools, especially urban Catholic schools, have been shown to actually increased student achievement, as measured by standardized test scores, dropout rates,1 and even college admission. The situation is complex, and the literature on urban Catholic schools refl ects this complexity and begs the question of how to sustain these Catholic schools.

Keywords

Public School Private School Urban School School Closure Public School Student 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 23 Catholic school closings (2005). Chicago Tribune, February 24.Google Scholar
  2. Alexander, K. L., & Pallas, A. M. (1983). Private schools and public policy: new evidence on cognitive achievement in public and private schools. Sociology of Education 56(4), 170–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bempechat, J. (1998). Against the Odds: How “At-risk” Children Exceed Expectations. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  4. Berliner, D. C. (2005). Our impoverished view of educational reform. Teachers College Record. Retrieved August 25, 2005 from http://tcrecord.org.
  5. Boston Plan for Excellence (2005). Building a Professional Teaching Corps in Boston: Survey of Teachers New to the Boston Public Schools in SY2003–2004. Boston, MA: Boston Plan for Excellence.Google Scholar
  6. Bryk, A. S., Lee, V. E., & Holland, P. B. (1993). Catholic Schools and the Common Good. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA) (2006). Primary Trends, Challenges and Outlook: A Report on Catholic Elementary Schools. Washington, DC: National Catholic Educational Association.Google Scholar
  8. Convey, J. J. (1992). Catholic Schools Make a Difference: Twenty-five Years of Research. Washington, DC: National Catholic Educational Association.Google Scholar
  9. DeFiore, L. (2006). Catholic schools and the common good. Current Issues in Catholic Higher Education 25(1), 109–119.Google Scholar
  10. Goldschmidt, E. P., O’Keefe, J. M., & Walsh, M. E. (2004). Report on selected reconfigured Catholic school systems: an examination of the consortium model. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  11. Goldschmidt, E. P., Walsh, M. E., & Kelly, K. (2006). School-based health programs in Catholic schools. Momentum 37(1), 22–30.Google Scholar
  12. Grace, G. (2002). Catholic Schools: Mission, Markets and Morality. New York: RoutledgeFalmer.Google Scholar
  13. Gritz, R. M., & Theobald, N. D. (1995). The effects of school district spending priorities on length of stay in teaching. The Journal of Human Resources 31(3), 477–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Haberman, M. (2005). Star Teachers: The Ideology and Best Practice of Effective Teachers of Diverse Children and Youth in Poverty. Houston, TX: The Haberman Educational Foundation.Google Scholar
  15. Hays, E. (2005). Parents eye school fight Brooklyn/Queens diocese closing 26. Daily News New York, February 10, p. 3.Google Scholar
  16. Ihejirika, M. (2005). Parents, pupils pray to keep St. Thomas More open: Southwest side school faces threat of closing by archdiocese. Chicago Sun-Times, January 16, p. 11.Google Scholar
  17. Ilg, T. J., Massucci, J. D., & Cattaro, G. M. (2004). Brown at 50: the dream is still alive in urban Catholic schools. Education and Urban Society 36(3), 355–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ingersoll, R. M. (2001). Teacher turnover, teacher shortages, and the organization of schools. American Educational Research Journal 38(3), 499–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Keebler, B., & Gray, B. (2005). Catholic educators announce school and enrollment statistics. National Catholic Educational Association Press Releases. Retrieved November 4, 2005 from http://www.ncea.org/newinfo/mediareleases/newsdetail.asp?release_id=128.
  20. Kelley, C., & Finnigan, K. (2004). Teacher compensation and teacher workforce development. In M. M. Smylie, & D. Miretzky (Eds.), Developing the Teacher Workforce: 103rd Yearbook on the National Society for the Study of Education 103(part 1), (pp. 253–273). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  21. Lamb, M. A. (1996). A study of excellence: principals in urban Catholic elementary schools Doctoral dissertation, Fordham University, 1995. Dissertation Abstracts International.Google Scholar
  22. Ludwig, J., Ladd, H. F., & Duncan, G. J. (2001). Urban poverty and educational outcomes. Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs, 147–201.Google Scholar
  23. McDonald, D. (2006). United States Catholic Elementary and Secondary Schools 2005–2006: The Annual Statistical Report on Schools, Enrollment and Staffing. Washington, DC: National Catholic Educational Association. McDonald, D., & Schultz, M. (2006) [Catholic school closings 2000–2005]. Unpublished raw data.Google Scholar
  24. National Center for Children in Poverty (2005). Children in Urban Areas are Increasingly Low Income [Fact Sheet]. National Center for Children in Poverty. New York: Koball, H., Douglas-Hall, A., & Chau, M.Google Scholar
  25. Neal, D. (1997). Measuring Catholic school performance. Public Interest 127, 96–107.Google Scholar
  26. Nieto, S., Felix, S., & Gelzinis, K. (2002). A life of teaching: reflections from teachers in an inquiry group. Penn GSE Perspectives on Urban Education 1(2), 1–30.Google Scholar
  27. O’Connor, J. J. (1998). The financial impact of the leadership development initiative on urban elementary schools in the archdiocese of New York. Doctoral dissertation, Fordham University, 1998. Dissertation Abstracts International.Google Scholar
  28. O’Keefe, J. M., Greene, J. A., Henderson, S., Connors, M., Goldschmidt, E., & Schervish, K. (2004). Sustaining the Legacy: Inner-City Catholic Elementary Schools in the United States. Washington, DC: National Catholic Educational Association.Google Scholar
  29. Parents vow to fight for school after rejection by archdiocese (2005). The Associated Press State & Local Wire, January 15.Google Scholar
  30. Pierce, M. (2005). Group opposes archdiocese’s closure of East L.A. school. City News Service. Postsecondary Education Opportunity (2006). Education and Training Pay: Unemployment Rate 2005/Median Earnings 2004 by Educational Attainment. Retrieved October 18, 2006 from http://www.postsecondary.org/home/default.asp.
  31. Przygocki, W. F. (2004). Review of research: teacher retention in Catholic schools. Catholic Education 8(1), 523–547.Google Scholar
  32. Roellke, C., & Rice, J. K. (2003). Financing Urban Schools: Emerging Challenges for Research, Policy, and Practice. Paper presented at the Developments in School Finance, 2003: fiscal proceedings from the Annual State Data Conference of July 2003.Google Scholar
  33. Shorkraii, N. H. (1997). Why Catholic schools spell success for America’s inner-city children. Backgrounder. Washington, DC: The Heritage Foundation.Google Scholar
  34. Stinebrickner, T. R. (1998). An empirical investigation of teacher attrition. Economics of Education Review 17(2), 127–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Taylor, J. (2004). American Demographics 26(7), 28–34.Google Scholar
  36. Texas Center for Educational Research (2006). The Cost of Teacher Turnover. Austin, TX.Google Scholar
  37. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (2005). Renewing Our Commitment to Catholic Elementary and Secondary Schools in the Third Millennium. Washington, DC: USCCB.Google Scholar
  38. US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (2006a). Characteristics of Schools, Districts, Teachers, Principals, and School Libraries in the United States: 2003–2004 Schools and Staffing Survey. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  39. US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (2006b). The Nation’s Report Card: Student Achievement in Private Schools; Results from NAEP 2000–2005. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  40. US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (2005a). Mobility in the Teacher Workforce. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  41. US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (2005b). Student Effort and Educational Progress. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  42. Useem, E., & Neild, R. C. (2002). Teacher Staffing in the School District of Philadelphia: A Report to the Community. Philadelphia, PA: Philadelphia Education Fund.Google Scholar
  43. Wallace, T. J. (2001). Finance and development. In T. C. Hunt, E. A. Joseph, & R. J. Nuzzi (Eds.), Catholic Schools Still Make a Difference: Ten Years of Research 1991–2000 (pp. 204–212). Washington, DC: National Catholic Educational Association.Google Scholar
  44. Walsh, M. E., & Goldschmidt, E. P. (2004). Meeting the learning support needs of children in Catholic schools. In National Catholic Education Association (Ed.), Catholic Schools for Children and Youth in Poverty: Conversations in Excellence (pp. 43–100). Washington, DC: NCEA.Google Scholar
  45. Watt, K. M. (1999). The impact of Catholic schooling on low-income Mexican-American students. Doctoral dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 1999. Dissertation Abstracts International (UMI Number 9947427).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph O’Keefe (SJ)
    • 1
  • Aubrey Scheopner (SJ)
    • 2
  1. 1.Boston CollegeUSA
  2. 2.Lynch School of EducationBoston CollegeUSA

Personalised recommendations