Alternatives to Sectioned Otoliths: The use of other Structures and Chemical Techniques to Estimate Age and Growth for Marine Vertebrates and Invertebrates

  • Natalie Moltschaniwskyj
  • Mike Cappo
Part of the Reviews: Methods and Technologies in Fish Biology and Fisheries book series (REME, volume 11)


Knowledge of age-related processes and growth rates of individuals is critical to understanding how tropical fish and invertebrate populations grow and recover from additional sources of mortality from fisheries and habitat disturbance. Understanding the ages of maturity and longevities of these organisms can help predict risks, refine management strategies, and understand the roles of these organisms in maintaining and modifying the ecosystems they inhabit. The choice of method used for estimating age is guided by a suite of factors: the anatomy of the study animal; the ease of obtaining, preparing and reading hard parts; and the accuracy and precision of the ageing techniques. Detailed knowledge of how these structures grow, and how the observed increments are formed, is also an integral part of developing an accurate protocol for age estimation (Francis 1995, Gauldie 1988, Durholtz et al. 1999)


Great Barrier Reef Growth Increment Fish Otolith Vertebral Centra Otolith Core 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalie Moltschaniwskyj
    • 1
  • Mike Cappo
    • 2
  1. 1.National Centre for Marine Conservation & Resource SustainabilityUniversity of TasmaniaLauncestonAustralia
  2. 2.Australian Institute of Marine ScienceTownsville MCAustralia

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