Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 76)


Phytoremediation is the common name for cleaning techniques for polluted soils, sediments, and wastewaters using plants. It has been shown repeatedly that several types of pollutants, e.g., petroleum products and solvents, are degraded faster in the presence of plants. A couple of processes are known to influence the elimination of pollutants, among them transpiration of water, oxygen transport, biological stimulation in the root zone and plant uptake of chemicals. However, it is frequently unclear whether the plants directly metabolise the pollutants, or whether they only play an indirect role by supporting microbial action.


High Substrate Concentration Kinetic Aspect Plant Mass Cleaning Technique Xenobiotic Substrate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Barac T, Taghavi S, Borremans B, Provoost A, Oeyen L, Colpaert JV, Vangronsveld J, van der Lelie D (2004): Engineered endophytic bacteria improve phytoremediation of watersoluble, volatile organic compounds. Nature Biotech, accepted April 2004.Google Scholar
  2. Cornish-Bowden A (1995): Fundamentals of enzyme kinetics. Portland Press, London, UK.Google Scholar
  3. Edwards VH (1970): The influence of high substrate concentration on microbial kinetics. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 12, 679–712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Komossa D, Langebartels C, Sandermann Jr. H (1995): Metabolic processes for organic chemicals in plants. In: Trapp S, Mc Farlane C (eds), ‘Plant Contamination - Modeling and Simulation of Organic Chemical Processes’. Lewis Pub., Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 69–103.Google Scholar
  5. Larsen M, Trapp S, Pirandello A (2004): Removal of cyanide by woody plants. Chemosphere 54, 325–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Messner B, Thulke O and Schäffner AR (2003): Arapidopsis glucosyltransferases with activities toward both endogenous and xenobiotic substrates. Planta 217, 138–146.Google Scholar
  7. Pflugmacher S, Schröder P (1995): Glutathione S-transferases in trees: inducibility by various organic xenobiotics. Z Pflanzen Bodenk. 158, 71–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Richter G (1998): Stoffwechselphysiologie der Pflanzen. Thieme, Stuttgart, Germany, 6th ed. (in German)Google Scholar
  9. Schlegel H (1993): General Microbiology. Cambridge Univ. Press, UK.Google Scholar
  10. Sitte P, Ziegler H, Ehrendorfer F and Bresinsky A (1991): Lehrbuch der Botanik für Hochschulen, 33rd ed., Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart, Germany.Google Scholar
  11. Toräng L, Nyholm N and Albrechtsen H-J (2003): Shifts in biodegradation kinetics of the herbicides MCPP and 2,4-D at low concentrations in aerobic aquifer materials. Environ. Sci. Technol, 37, 3095–3103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Trapp S and Karlson U (2001): Aspects of phytoremediation of organic compounds. Journal of Soils and Sediments 1, 37–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Voet D, Voet JG, Pratt CW (1998): Fundamentals of biochemistry. John Wiley & Sons, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environment & Resources DTU Technical University of DenmarkDenmark

Personalised recommendations