Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics

  • M. Pimenta
Conference paper

Abstract

Rutherford and Hess experiment, in the first years of the XX century, mark the beginning of the experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics.

In the next one hundred years many, many discoveries were made, and we have now a much deeper understanding of the elementary constituents and of the fundamental interaction of the Universe. However, we know now at the beginning of the XXI century that most of the Universe (∼95%) is filled by mysterious entities, we have almost no idea about the dark matter and the dark matter energy.

The present and future experimental program of Particle and Astroparticle Physics is ambitious and we may hope for considerable progress in the years to come.

A short review of the participation of the LIP Portuguese teams in such program is briefly described.

Key words

Particle Physics Astroparticle Cosmic Rays LHC Auger Dark Matter Dark Energy 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

General References

  1. 1.
    Rutherford, E., Philos. Mag. 21, 604.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See for instances the book of Emelio Segre, From Atoms to Quarks, San Francisco, W.H.Freeman (1980).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Anderson, C.D. Phys. Rev., 43, 491 (1933).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    See for instances the book of P. Watkins, Story of the W and Z, Cambridge University Press, New York (1986).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    See for instances the book of F. Halzen and A.D. Martin, Quarks and Leptons, john Wiley & Sons, New York (1984).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Higgs, P.W., Phys. Rev. 145, 1156 (1964).CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    See for instances the book of D. Perkins, Particle Astroparticle, Oxford University Press, Oxford (2003).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    http://public.web.cern.ch/Public/Welcome.htmlGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    http://www.auger.org/Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    https://edms.cern.ch/cedar/plsql/cedarw.site_homeGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    http://www.lip.pt/experiments/cms/PtCMS.htmlGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    http://www.lip.pt/experiments/atlas/Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    http://www.lip.pt/experiments/compass/Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    http://eppog.web.cern.ch/eppog/Google Scholar

Lip Publications — 2005

  1. 1.
    Clear-PEM: A dedicated PET camera for improved breast cancer detection, 2005-01-01, M. C. Abreu, P. Almeida, F. Balau, N. C. Ferreira, S. Fetal, F. Fraga, M. Martins, N. Matela, R. Moura, C. Ortigão, L. Peralta, P. Rato, R. Ribeiro, P. Rodrigues, A. I. Santos, A. Trindade and J. Varela, Radiation Protection Dosimetry (2005), Vol. 116, No. 1-4, pp. 208–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    The data acquisition system of the neutron time-of-flight facility n_TOF at CERN, 2005-01-01, U. Abbondanno et al. (n-TOF Collaboration), Nucl. Instrum. and Meth. A 538, 2005, 692–702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Flavour changing strong interaction effects on top quark physics at the LHC, 2005-01-01, P. M. Ferreira, O. Oliveira and R. Santos, Phys.Rev.D72 (2005) 075010;hepph/0507128Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Microscopic black hole detection in UHECR: the double bang signature, 2005-01-15, V. Cardoso, M.C. Esprito-Santo, M. Paulos, M. Pimenta and B. Tomé, Astroparticle Physics 22(2005)399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A new measurement of J/PSI suppression in Pb-Pb collisions at 158 GeV per nucleon, 2005-01-21, NA50 Collaboration (P. Bordalo, G. Borges, C. Quintans, S. Ramos, H. Santos R. Shahoyan et al.), Eur Phys J C39 (2005) 335, URL http://arxiv.org/abs/hepex/?0412036Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Electron Energy Spectra, Fluxes, and Day-Night Asymmetries of B-8 Solar Neutrinos from the 391-Day Salt Phase SNO Data Set, 2005-02-01, SNO Collaboration (J. Maneira et al.), Phys. Rev. C72, 055502 (2005), URL http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-ex/0502021Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    http://na50.web.cern.ch/NA50/papers.htmlGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Search for the Phi(1860) pentaquark at COMPASS, 2005-03-15, COMPASS Collaboration (P. Bordalo, C. Quintans, S. Ramos, M. Varanda et al.), Eur Phys J C41 (2005) 469Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    http://wwwcompass.cern.ch/compass/publications/papers/locked/pq_EPJC.pdfGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Measurement of the spin structure of the deuteron in the DIS region, 2005-03-21, COMPASS Collaboration (P. Bordalo, C. Quintans, S. Ramos, M. Varanda et al.), Phys Lett B612 (2005) 154Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    http://wwwcompass.cern.ch/compass/publications/papers/locked/2005_plb612_154.pdfGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rare Gas Liquid Detectors, Capítulo de Livro, publicado, 2005-04-10, M. I. Lopes and V. Chepel, in “Electronic Excitations in Liquified Rare Gases”, Edited by W. Schmidt and E. Illenberger, American Scientific Publishers, 2005, pp.331–385Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Determination of the b quark mass at the M_Z scale with the DELPHI detector at LEP, 2005-04-27, J. Abdallah et al., The DELPHI Collaboration, CERN PH-EP 2005-020 (accepted by EPJC)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    http://delphiwww.cern.ch/pubxx/papers/public/paper0343.ps.gzGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Charged Particle Multiplicity in Three-Jet Events and Two-Gluon Systems, 2005-05-14, J. Abdallah et al., The DELPHI Collaboration, Eur. Phys. J. C44 (2005) 311–331Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    http://delphiwww.cern.ch/pubxx/papers/public/paper0344.ps.gzGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Single Intermediate Vector Boson production in e+e-collisions at sqrt(s) = 183–209 GeV, 2005-05-20, J. Abdallah et al., The DELPHI Collaboration, Eur. Phys. J. C45 (2006) 273–289Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    http://delphiwww.cern.ch/pubxx/papers/public/paper0337.ps.gzGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A new low-energy bremsstrahlung generator for GEANT4, 2005-06-01, L. Peralta, P. Rodrigues, A. Trindade and M. G. Pia, Radiation Protection Dosimetry (2005), Vol. 116, No. 1–4, pp. 59–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A Model for Mars Radiation Environment Characterization, 2005-06-01, A. Keating, A. Mohammadzadeh, P. Nieminen, D. Maia, S. Coutinho, H. Evans, M. Pimenta, J.-P. Huot, and E. Daly, IEEE Trans. on Nuc. Sci., 2005.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Study of double-tagged gamgam events at LEPII, 2005-06-30, J. Abdallah et al., The DELPHI Collaboration, CERN PH-EP 2005-029 (accepted by EPJC)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    http://delphiwww.cern.ch/pubxx/papers/public/paper0348.ps.gzGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A Search for Periodicities in the B-8 Solar Neutrino Flux Measured by the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, 2005-07-01, SNO Collaboration (J. Maneira et al.), Phys. Rev. D72, 052010 (2005)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ex/0507079Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Percolation Effects in Very High Energy Cosmic Rays, 2005-07-01, J. Dias de Deus, M.C. Espirito Santo, M. Pimenta, C. Pajares, hep-ph/0507227Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Optical Calibration Hardware for the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, 2005-07-01, J. Maneira, B.A. Moffat, R.J. Ford, F.A. Duncan, K. Graham, A.L. Hallin, C.A.W. Hearns, P. Skensved, D.R. Grant, Nucl. Inst. & Meth. A 554 (2005) 255–265 http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-ex/0507026Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    HERA-B framework for online calibration and alignment, 2005-07-11, J.M. Hernandez et al., Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 546:574–583, 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TJM-4G4MHBK-1&_coverDate=07%2F11%2F2005&_alid=384948301&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_qd=1&_cdi=5314&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000057391&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_useridGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Performance of a Chamber for Studying the Liquid Xenon Response to Gamma-Rays and Nuclear Recoils, 2005-07-23, F. Neves, V. Chepel, V. Solovov, A. Pereira, M. I. Lopes, J. Pinto da Cunha, P. Mendes, A. Lindote, C.P. Silva, R. Ferreira Marques and A. J.P.L. Policarpo, IEEE Trans. on Nucl. Sci.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Charm, beauty and charmonium production at HERA-B, 2005-08-01, HERA-B collaboration, European Physical Journal C 43(1–4): 179–186 Aug 2005Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Bose-Einstein Correlations in W ∧ + W ∧-events at LEP2, 2005-09-13, J. Abdallah et al., The DELPHI Collaboration, Eur. Phys. J. C44 (2005) 161–174Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    http://delphiwww.cern.ch/pubxx/papers/public/paper0342.ps.gzGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Flavour Independent Searches for Hadronically Decaying Neutral Higgs Bosons, 2005-09-20, J. Abdallah et al., The DELPHI Collaboration, Eur. Phys. J. C44 (2005) 147–159Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    http://delphiwww.cern.ch/pubxx/papers/public/paper0330.ps.gzGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Primary scintillation yield and alpha/beta ratio in liquid xenon, 2005-10-01, V. Chepel, M.I. Lopes and V. Solovov, Radiat. Phys. and Chem. 74, 2005, 160–167Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    A PET imaging system dedicated to mammography, 2005-10-01, J. Varela, Accepted for publication in Radiation Physics and Chemistry (in press)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Masterclass spreads the word for physics, 2005-10-01, Michael Kobel (EPOG), CERN Courier vol.45, n.8 (2005) 38. http://www.cerncourier.com/main/article/45/8/18Google Scholar
  38. 39.
    Production of Ξc0 and Ξb in Z decays and lifetime measurement of Ξb, 2005-10-06, J. Abdallah et al., The DELPHI Collaboration, Eur. Phys. J. C44 (2005) 299–309Google Scholar
  39. 40.
    http://delphiwww.cern.ch/pubxx/papers/public/paper0338.ps.gzGoogle Scholar
  40. 41.
    Prototype Study of the cherenkov imager of the AMS experiment, 2005-10-09, P. Aguayo et al., Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics ResearchGoogle Scholar
  41. 42.
    The production of rho, omega and phi vector-mesons by protons and sulphur ions with incident momentum of 200 GeV/c per nucleon, 2005-10-11, NA38 Collaboration (MC Abreu, P. Bordalo, G. Borges, R. Ferreira, J. Guimarães, C. Quintans, S. Ramos, H. Santos, R. Shahoyan et al.), Eur. Phys. J C 44 (2005), 375Google Scholar
  42. 43.
    New approach to the calculation of the refractive index of liquid and solid xenon, 2005-10-11, A. Hitachi, V. Chepel, M. I. Lopes, V. N. Solovov, Journal of Chemical Physics 123, 2005, 234508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 44.
    A Determination of the Centre-of-Mass Energy at LEP2 using Radiative 2-fermion Events, 2005-10-18, J. Abdallah et al., The DELPHI Collaboration, CERN PH-EP 2005-050 (subm. to EPJC)Google Scholar
  44. 45.
    http://delphiwww.cern.ch/pubxx/papers/public/paper0350.ps.gzGoogle Scholar
  45. 46.
    Performance Simulation Studies of the Clear-PEM DAQ/Trigger System, 2005-11-01, P. Rodrigues, P. Bento, F. Gonçalves, C. Leong, P. Lousã, J. Nobre, J. C. Silva, L. Silva, J. Rego, P. Relvas, I. C. Teixeira, J. P. Teixeira, A. Trindade and J. Varela, Accepted for publication in Transaction on Nuclear ScienceGoogle Scholar
  46. 47.
    Percolation and cosmic ray physics above 10 17 eV, 2005-11-01, P. Brogueira, J. Dias de Deus, M.C. Espirito Santo, M. Pimenta, hep-ph/0511279Google Scholar
  47. 48.
    Conceptual Design of the CMS Trigger Supervisor, 2005-11-01, Ildefons Magrans de Abril, Claudia-Elisabeth Wulz, and João Varela, IEEE TRANSACTIONS OF NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 1, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2005Google Scholar
  48. 49.
    The sensitivity of cosmic ray air shower experiments for excited lepton and leptoquark detection, 2005-11-01, M.C. Espirito Santo, A. Onofre, M. Paulos, M. Pimenta, J. C. Romão, B. Tomé, hep-ph/0508100Google Scholar
  49. 50.
    The Clear-PEM Electronics System, 2005-11-01, E. Albuquerque, P. Bento, C. Leong, F. Gonçalves, J. Nobre, J. Rego, P. Relvas, P. Lousã, P. Rodrigues, I. C. Teixeira, J. P. Teixeira, L. Silva, M. Medeiros Silva, A. Trindade and J. Varela, Accepted for publication in Transaction on Nuclear ScienceGoogle Scholar
  50. 51.
    Desing and Evaluation of the Clear-PEM Scanner for Positron Emission Mammography, 2005-11-01, PET-Mammagraphy Consortium (LIP authors: M. C. Abreu, B. Carriço, M. Ferreira, P. R. Mendes, R. Moura, C. Ortigão, L. Peralta, R. Pereira, R. Ribeiro, P. Rodrigues, J. C. Silva, P. Sousa, A. Trindade and J. Varela), Accepted for publication in Transaction on Nuclear ScienceGoogle Scholar
  51. 52.
    Novel Single Photon Detectors for UV Imaging, 2005-11-11, P. Fonte, T. Francke, N. Pavlopoulos, V. Peskov, I. Rodionov, Nucl. Instrum. and Meth. in Phys. Res. A553 (2005) 30 53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2005.08.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 54.
    Determination of heavy quark non-perturbative parameters from spectral moments in semileptonic B decays, 2005-11-16, J. Abdallah et al., The DELPHI Collaboration, Eur. Phys. J. C45 (2006) 35–59Google Scholar
  53. 55.
    http://delphiwww.cern.ch/pubxx/papers/public/paper0340.ps.gzGoogle Scholar
  54. 56.
    Gluon polarization in the nucleon from quasi-real photoproduction of high-pT hadron pairs, 2005-11-22, COMPASS Collaboration (P. Bordalo, C. Quintans, S. Ramos, M. Varanda et al.), Phys Lett B 633 (2006) 25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 57.
    http://wwwcompass.cern.ch/compass/publications/papers/locked/2006_plb633_025.pdfGoogle Scholar
  56. 58.
    -Results of the first performance tests of the CMS electromagnetic calorimeter, 2005-11-23, The CMS Electromagnetic Calorimeter Group, Eur Phys J C 44, s02, 1–10 (2006)Google Scholar
  57. 59.
    CHARGE AND CP SYMMETRY BREAKING IN TWO HIGGS DOUBLET MODELS, 2005-12-01, A. Barroso, P.M. Ferreira and R. Santos, Phys. Lett. B632 (2006) 684–687; hep-ph/0507224Google Scholar
  58. 60.
    O Projecto CRESCERE (em 4 línguas)-Cientista por um dia, cientista para a Vida!, Livro, publicado, 2005-12-01, P. Abreu, H. Bilokon, F. Fabbri, A. Maio, Livrinho de divulgação (16pp) distribuído pelas escolas secundáriasGoogle Scholar
  59. 61.
    Measurement of the J/Psi Production Cross Section in 920 GeV/c Fixed-Target Proton-Nucleus Interactions, 2005-12-01, HERA-B Collaboration, hep-ex/0512029Google Scholar
  60. 62.
    http://www-library.desy.de/preparch/hep-ex/0512/0512029.ps.gzGoogle Scholar
  61. 63.
    Advances in detectors for single crystal neutron diffraction, 2005-12-01, J.C. Buffet, J.F. Clergeau, R.G. Cooper, J. Darpentigny, A. De Laulany, C. Fermon, S. Fetal, F. Fraganex, B. Guérard, R. Kampmann, A. Kastenmueller, G.J. Mc Intyre, G. Manzin, F. Meilleur, F. Millier, N. Rhodes, L. Rosta, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment Volume 554, Issues 1–3, 1 December 2005, Pages 392–405Google Scholar
  62. 64.
    Preliminary results on position reconstruction for ZEPLIN III, 2005-12-01, A. Lindote, H. M. Araujo, J. Pinto da Cunha, V. Chepel, F. Neves, M. I. Lopes et al. Nucl. Instrum. and Meth A.Google Scholar
  63. 65.
    CHARGE BREAKING BOUNDS IN THE ZEE MODEL, 2005-12-01, A. Barroso and P.M. Ferreira, Phys. Rev. D72 (2005) 075010Google Scholar
  64. 66.
    The effect of temperature on the rate capability of glass timing RPCs, 2005-12-15, D. González-Díaz, D. Belver, A. Blanco, R. Ferreira Marques, P. Fonte, J. A. Garzón, L. Lopes, A. Mangiarotti, J. Marín, Nucl. Instrum. and Meth. in Phys. Res. A555 (2005) 72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 67.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2005.09.005Google Scholar
  66. 68.
    Preliminary results on position reconstruction for ZEPLIN III, 2005-12-15, A. Lindote, H. M. Araujo, J. Pinto da Cunha, V. Chepel, M. I. Lopes et al., Nucl. Instrum. and Meth A.Google Scholar
  67. 69.
    RPC-PET: a new very high resolution PET technology, 2005-12-31, A. Blanco, N. Carolino, N. Chichorro, C. Correia, M. P. Macedo, L. Fazendeiro, R. Ferreira Marques, P. Fonte, IEEE Trans. Nucl. SciGoogle Scholar
  68. 70.
    EM Reconstruction Algorithm with Resolution Modelling Applied to an RPC-PET Prototype, 2005-12-31, L. Fazendeiro, N. C. Ferreira, A. Blanco, P. Fonte, R. Ferreira Marques, IEEE Trans. Med. Imag.Google Scholar
  69. 71.
    Very high position resolution gamma imaging with Resistive Plate Chambers, 2005-12-31, A. Blanco, N. Carolino, C.M.B.A. Correia, L. Fazendeiro, Nuno C. Ferreira, M.F. Ferreira Marques, R. Ferreira Marques, P. Fonte, C. Gil, M. P. Macedo, Nucl. Instrum. and Meth. in Phys. Res. AGoogle Scholar
  70. 72.
    Accurate timing of gamma photons with high-rate Resistive Plate Chambers, 2005-12-31, L. Lopes, A. Pereira, P. Fonte, R. Ferreira Marques, Nucl. Instrum. and Meth. in Phys. Res. AGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Pimenta
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.LIP — Laboratório de Instrumentação e Física Experimental de PartículasLisboaPortugal
  2. 2.Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversidade Técnica de LisboaLisboa

Personalised recommendations