Seasonality pattern of biomass accumulation in a drifting Furcellaria lumbricalis community in the waters of the West Estonian Archipelago, Baltic Sea

  • Georg Martin
  • Tiina Paalme
  • Kaire Torn
Conference paper
Part of the Developments in Applied Phycology book series (DAPH, volume 1)

Abstract

A free-floating, loose form of Furcellaria lumbricalis (Huds.) Lamour is rare in the Baltic Sea area. Kassari Bay, situated in the West Estonian Archipelago Sea area contains the largest known community of this kind. Here the free-floating mixed Furcellaria lumbricalis-Coccotylus truncatus (Paela) M. J. Wynne et J. N. Heine community inhabits sandy bottom, covering up to 120 km2. Commercial exploitation of the community started in 1966 and has led to regular monitoring surveys for the quantification of the commercial resource. The aim of the present study was to determine the potential growth rates of the two community-forming species as well as to test different environmental factors affecting their growth. Results showed that the highest growth rates were measured in shallower depths (4 m) for both species. The seasonal growth pattern was also very similar for both species, showing the highest growth rates during the beginning of summer. Incubation of both species in another sea area with apparently similar basic environmental conditions (the northern part of the Gulf of Riga, Kõiguste Bay) resulted in significantly lower growth rates during the whole incubation period.

Key words

loose-lying Furcellaria lumbricalis Coccotylus truncatus growth rate 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Astok V, Otsmann M, Suursaar Ü (1999) Water exchange as the main physical process in semi-enclosed marine systems: The Gulf of Riga case. Hydrobiologia 393: 11–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Austin A (1959) Observations on Furcellaria fastigiata (L.) Lam. forma aegagrophila Reinke in Danish waters together with a note on other unattached algae. Hydrobiologia 14(3–4): 255–277.Google Scholar
  3. Berzinsh V (1995) Hydrology. In Ojaveer E (ed.), Ecosystem of the Gulf of Riga between 1920 and 1990. Estonian Academy Publishers. Tallinn 7–31.Google Scholar
  4. Birch PB, Gabrielson JO, Hamel KS (1983) Decomposition of Cladophora I. Field studies in the Peel-Harvey estuarine system, western Australia. Bot. Mar. 26: 165–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carpenter SR, Adam MS (1979) Effects of nutrients and temperature on decomposition of Myriophyllum spicatum L. in a hard-water eutrophic lake. Limnol. Oceanogr. 24: 520–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. HELCOM (2002) Environment of the Baltic Sea Area 1994–1998. Baltic Sea Environmental Proceedings 82B: 214.Google Scholar
  7. Johansson G, Snoeijs P (2002) Macroalgal photosynthetic responses to light in relation to thallus morphology and depth zonation. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 244: 63–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kiirikki M (1996) Mechanisms affecting macroalgal zonation in the northern Baltic Sea. Europ. J. Phycol. 31: 225–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kireeva MS (1961) Amount of Furcellaria fastigiata (Huds.) Lamour. in the Baltic Sea. (Area of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa Islands). Trudy NIIRH SNH Latv. SSR 3: 411–417 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  10. Kireeva MS (1964) Aggregations of unattached red algae in the sea areas of Soviet Union. In: Resources of marine algae and their use. Moscow pp. 1–25 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  11. Kruk-Dowgiałło L, Cisewski P (1994) Zatoka Pucka. Możliwości rewaloryzacji. Institut Ochrony środowiska, Warsawa, 178.Google Scholar
  12. Martin G, Paalme T, Kukk H (1996) Long-term dynamics of the commercial useable Furcellaria lumbricalis-Phyllophora truncata community in Kassari Bay, West Estonian Archipelago, the Baltic Sea. Proceedings of Polish-Swedish Symposium on Baltic coastal fisheries Resources and Management, 2–3 April 1996, Gdynia, Poland, pp. 121–129.Google Scholar
  13. Martin G, Kukk H (1997a) Environmental factors limiting phyto-benthos communities in the Gulf of Riga and West-Estonian Archipelago Sea. Phycologia 36: 70.Google Scholar
  14. Martin G Kukk H (1997b) Unattached macroalgal communities — adaptation to unfavourable environmental conditions. In, Recruitment Dynamics of Exploited Marine Populations: Physical-Biological Interactions, ICES International Symposium, Book of Abstracts: 94.Google Scholar
  15. Martin G, Kukk H (1998) The structure of benthic littoral communities of the West-Estonian Archipelago area asa reflection of unique hydrodynamical conditions. In Brackish Water Ecosystems, ICES International Symposium, Book of Abstracts: 20.Google Scholar
  16. Martin G, Kukk H (1999) Environmental factors forcing the dynamics and the structure of loose Furcellaria lumbricalis-Coccotylus truncatus community in Kassari Bay, the inner sea of West-Estonian Archipelago, NE Baltic Sea. In Abstracts of 34th European Marine Biology Symposium: 6.Google Scholar
  17. Nielsen R, Kristiansen A, Mathiesen L, Mathiesen H (1995) Distribution index of the benthic macroalgae of the Baltic Sea area. Act. Bot. Fennica 155: 55.Google Scholar
  18. Suursaar Ü, Astok V, Otsmann M (1998) The front of Väinameri. In EMI Report Series 9: 23–33.Google Scholar
  19. Trei T (1975) Flora and vegetation in the coastal waters of Western Estonia. Merentutkimuslait Julk 239: 348–351.Google Scholar
  20. Trei T (1976) Brown and red algae in the coastal waters of western Estonia. Zvaigzne, Riga pp. 1–87 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  21. Yurkovskis A, Wulff F, Rahm L, Andrushaitis A, Rodriguez-Medina M (1993) A nutrient budget of the Gulf of Riga; Baltic Sea. Estuar. Coast. Shelf. Sci. 37: 113–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georg Martin
    • 1
  • Tiina Paalme
    • 1
  • Kaire Torn
    • 1
  1. 1.Estonian Marine InstituteUniversity of TartuTallinnEstonia

Personalised recommendations