Teachers’ Nonverbal Behavior and its Effects on Students

  • Elisha Babad
Part of the Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research book series (HATR, volume 22)

The article covers the area of nonverbal (NV) behavior, especially the expressive behavior of instructors in higher education and its effects on students. Two conceptualizations focusing on instructors’ expressive behavior are presented – “teacher enthusiasm” and “teacher immediacy.” Their findings on the effects of instructors’ behavior on students’ affective (stronger effects) and academic outcomes (weaker effects) are discussed, wondering about the complete alienation between these bodies of literature, who measure the very same phenomenon. Methodological discussions include a critique of “Doctor Fox” and related experimental manipulations of instructors’ NV behavior. A strict approach in which instructors’ natural NV behavior is actually measured (in contrast with students’ global self-reports about instructor behavior) validates earlier findings and demonstrates that students’ evaluations can be predicted from thin slices (10 seconds) of instructors’ NV behavior in certain instructional situations. Microanalysis indicates that despite their great expressive commotion in the classroom, effective instructors are quite relaxed.


High Education Educational Outcome Nonverbal Behavior Student Rating Halo Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisha Babad
    • 1
  1. 1.Hebrew University of JerusalemIsrael

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