Principles for landscape conservation, management and design
Semi-natural, rural and agricultural landscapes, interdispersed urban centers and relevant infrastructures such as highways, bridges, dikes, electrical poles, etc., are widely distributed throughout the world.
The emergent characteristics of these landscapes are in synthesis with the fragmentation of natural remnant vegetation, high heterogeneity, interdispersion of different matrices of fields. Size, shape and spatial arrangement of the patches remain relevant for ecological processes.
The overlap of technological infrastructures (roads, bridges, railways) on natural structures like rivers, lakes, bottom valleys and ridges creates interference to many ecological processes such as soil erosion and deposition, water fluxes, animal movements and plant dispersion.
This chapter deals with the importance of landscape ecology as the scientific basis for the study, planning, and management of urban, semi-natural, rural and agricultural landscapes.
KeywordsWild Boar Urban Planning Landscape Ecology Habitat Patch Landscape Pattern
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