BEYOND PILOT PROJECTS: THE FEASIBILITY OF IMMEDIATE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FROM TRIED AND TESTED MARITIME AND OFFSHORE REVERSE OSMOSIS SYSTEMS TO STATIONARY SOLAR AND WIND POWERED DESALINATION SOLUTIONS
Recent years have seen a large number of newly developed pilot projects for solar desalination based upon a variety of technological approaches. This paper explores the possibility of moving into direct installation and practical application of small to medium sized off-grid hybrid (solar, wind) powered Reverse Osmosis desalination systems using commercially available energy optimized equipment from the maritime, yachting and off-shore sectors. The focus is on exploring the feasibility of implementing this technology for remote applications in rural settings of developing countries. Various systems including an actual application are presented, as well as energy options and operational problems described, keeping appropriate technology requirements in mind. Some economic considerations are included.
KeywordsWind Turbine Reverse Osmosis Rural Electrification Battery Bank Desalination System
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Horizon Company Information, www.hrosystems.com, 2006.Google Scholar
- 2.Van der Valk, O. et al., Protocol on appropriate technology for water and sanitation - a definition of the basic characteristics, unpublished resource, Co-Create, The Hague, 2005.Google Scholar
- 3.Schenker Seewasserentsalzungsanlage Modular Electron 60, Ferropilot GmbH company information, Berlin, 2005, www.ferropilot.deGoogle Scholar
- 4.de Vries, P.: personal communication and company information from www.containedenergy.com.Google Scholar
- 6.Verghese, A. et al.: Solar PV-Wind Hybrid Power Generation System to power community development centres for two remote rural areas of Sudan, UNIDO, Vienna, 2005, reprinted with permission from http: //www.unido.org/doc/25103Google Scholar
- 7.Kanzari, A.: The SOLCO Solar PV RO System. ADU-RES Seminar on desalination with renewable energy, www.adu-res.org, Hammamet, 2005.Google Scholar
- 8.http: //www.containedenergy.com/CE-SolarDesalination.pdfGoogle Scholar
- 9.www.spectrawatermakers.comGoogle Scholar
- 10.http: //www.outbackmarine.com.au/MasterPages/TypeDetail/TypeDetail.asp?TypeID=131# 986Google Scholar
- 11.Schouten, T. and Moriarty, P.: Community Water, Community Management: From Systems to Service in Rural Areas, ITDG publishing, London, 2003.Google Scholar
- 12.Bile-Bile, C.: How the government of Cameroon sees the problems of community management, National workshop on community management in Cameroon, Ministry of MinesWater and Energy (MINMEE), mARCH 29-30, 2001Google Scholar