Conference paper
Part of the NATO Security through Science Series book series


The use of biological weapons is nothing new and has been practiced since centuries to reachwar aims and terrorize enemies (Rogers et al., 1999). In most cases the targets were either wariors or their animals which they needed for transport or fight. In these cases either pathogens of humans or animals were set free deliberately or otherwise biotoxinswere delivered in formof poisoned food or drinkwater (see also Osborne, this volume). Rarely plant pathogens were used and if, predominantly with the aim to cause shortage of food supply resulting in famine.


Plant Pathogen Plant Virus Phytophthora Infestans Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Broad Host Range 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anonymous, 2000. On protection measures against the introduction into the community of organisms harmful to plants or plant products and against their spread within the community, Counc. Directive 2000/29/EC.Google Scholar
  2. Beelosludtsev, Y.Y., D. Bowerman, R. Weil, N. Marthandan, R. Balog, K. Luebke, J. Lawson, S.A. Jonston, C. Rick Lyons, H.R. Garner, and T.F. Powdrill, 2004. Organism identification using a genome sequence-independent universal microarray probe set, BioTechniques 37, 654–660.Google Scholar
  3. Bergsten, C.F., 1994. APEC and World Trade: A force for worldwide liberalization. Foreign Aff., 73, No 3.Google Scholar
  4. Deen, W.A., 2000. Trends in American agriculture: Their implications for biological warfare against crop and animal resources, Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 164–167.Google Scholar
  5. Eastwell, K.C., and T.S.C. Li, 1994. Status of the little cherry disease eradication program in the Kootenay valley of British Columbia, Can. Dis. Survey., 74, 115–116.Google Scholar
  6. Kortepeter, M.G., and G.W. Parker, 1999. Potential biological weapons threats, Emerg. Infect. Dis., 5, 523–527.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Logan-Henfry, L., 2000. Mitigation of bioterrorists threats in the 21st century, Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 121–133.Google Scholar
  8. Madden, L.V., and M. Wheelis, 2003. The threat of plant pathogens as weapons against U.S. crops, Annu. Rev. Phytopathol., 41, 155–176.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Rogers, P., S. Whitby, and M. Dando, 1999. Erntevernichtende Bio-Waffen, Spektr. Wiss., October, 72–77.Google Scholar
  10. Scholthof, K.B., 2003. One foot in the furrow: Linkages between agriculture, plant pathology, and public health, Annu. Rev. Pub., Health, 24, 153–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Shawn Cupp, O., D.E. Walker, and J. Hillison, 2004. Agroterrorism in the U.S.: Key security challenge for the 21st Century, Biosecur. Bioterror., 2, 97–105.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Weidemann, H.-L., 1993. Necrotic ring symptoms on potato tubers caused by a new potato virus Y race, Kartoffelbau (Germany), 44, 308–309.Google Scholar
  13. Wenneker, M., M.S.W. Verdel, R.M.W. Groeneveld, C. Kempenaar, A.R. van Beuningen, and J.D. Janse, 1999. Ralstonia (Pseudomonas) solanacearum race 3 (biovar 2) in surface water and natural weed hosts: First report on stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), Eur. J. Plant Pathol., 105, 307–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations