• Edward Morofsky
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAII, volume 234)


This chapter discusses the history of thermal energy storage focusing on natural energy sources. Links are made to recent trends of using renewable energy to achieve greater energy efficiencies in heating, cooling and ventilating buildings. The Deep Lake Water Cooling development in Toronto is presented as a typical modern interpretation of past practices with an integration of municipal services of water supply and district cooling. Environmental concerns and restrictions have also stimulated thermal energy storage developments. Cold storage in aquifers originated in China where excessive groundwater extraction related to industrial cooling had resulted in significant land subsidence.


Heat Pump Well Bore Phase Change Material Thermal Energy Storage Material Safety Data Sheet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Sir John Chardin, Travels in Persia 1673–1677, Book Two, Chapter 15, Concerning The Food Of The Persians,∼volk/sylvia/Chardin.htm.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sanner, B. Web site source_typ.htm.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chant, V., J. Lovatt, and E. Morofsky, 1991. Canada Centre Building, Scarborough: Five-Year Energy Systems Performance Summary, Thermastock’91, Scheveningen, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Morofsky, E., 2002. Seasonally-Charged Deep Lake Water Cooling (DLWC) for Downtown Toronto, published in the Proceedings of Terrastock 2000, Stuttgart, Germany.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Allen Kani Associates, 1999. The Big Chill: How to Cool the Downtown Without Warming the Planet, 4 pp.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Engineering Interface Limited, 1982. Feasibility Study Project FREECOOL, prepared for Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa, April, 74 p. + 35 figs.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Canadian Urban Institute, 1991. Deep Lake Water Cooling, Report on the Conference, 16–18 June, 66 pp.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Scientific American, 1999. In The Drink: Cities Try Cooling Off with Deep Lake Water, October, pp. 47–48.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    City of Toronto, 2000. Clean, Green and Healthy: A Plan for an Environmentally Sustainable Toronto, Environmental Task Force, Proposed Environmental Plan, January 2000.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Morofsky, E., 1987. Developing an Innovative Building Cooling Technology, ASHRAE Trans., NY 87-21-1, pp.1741–1748.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Morofsky, E., 1997. Seasonal Cold Storage Building and Process Applications: A Standard Design Option? MEGASTOCK’97 Proc. of the 7th International Conference on Thermal Energy Storage, Sapporo, Japan, pp. 1009–1014.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Vigneault, C., 2000. Winter Coldness Storage, Postharvest Quality Laboratory, Horticultural Research and Development Centre (CRDH), Agriculture et Agri-Food Canada; IEA Annex 14, Cooling in All Climates with Thermal Energy Storage,; Second Experts’ Meeting, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada, April 6–7, 2000, Energy/ATESSTES/ICE_STORAGE/Clement_snow.pdf.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Skogsberg, K., and B. Nordell, 2001. The Sundsvall Hospital Snow Storage, Cold Regions Sci. Technol. 32, 63–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Canadian Standards Association, 2002. Design and Installation of Underground Thermal Energy Storage Systems for Commercial and Institutional Buildings C448.3 Series-02, ISBN 1-55324-844-9.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    VDI Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (The Association of Engineers), Direct Use of the Underground as Heat Source, Heat Sink, Heat Storage Guideline VDI 4640 Parts 1–4: Available from: Beuth Verlag GmbH, 10772 Berlin.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Morofsky, E., 2003. Low-Energy Building Design, Economics and the Role of Energy Storage, Warsaw, FutureStock.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward Morofsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Energy & SustainabilityInnovation and Solutions Directorate, PWGSCGatineauCanada

Personalised recommendations