Women in East Asian Education and Society: Whose Gains in Whose Perspectives?

  • Grace C. L. Mak
Part of the Springer International Handbooks of Education book series (SIHE, volume 19)

The World Bank attributed the East Asian miracle of nine high-performing economies to the rapid growth between the 1960s and 1990 that began with Japan, followed by the Asian Tigers of Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore, and more recently China, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia (World Bank, 1993, p. 2). The works on education and development in East Asia generally celebrate the phenomenal economic growth in this region, driven by export-led industrialization, an educated labor force, and relatively equal distribution of social opportunities (Green, 2006; Kim & Lau, 1994; Sen, 2000; World Bank, 1993). Such certainty in the perspective of the outside world is indeed shared by many individuals that live in these societies. The latter are typically members of the new entrepreneurial or professional classes, who are well-educated urban dwellers whose prime years coincide with the boom and have benefited from it. Thus, in broad terms there is agreement on the positive view in and outside East Asia.


Human Development Index United Nations Development Programme Labor Force Participation Rate Urban Residence Special Administrative Region 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Grace C. L. Mak
    • 1
  1. 1.The Hong Kong Institute of EducationChina

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