Conference paper
Part of the NATO Security through Science Series book series


Pesticides used in agriculture are deliberately introduced into the environment to prevent harmful organisms and pests from damaging edible crops and non-edible other plants intended for human consumption or use. Therefore, unintended side effects of these agrochemicals should be avoided or minimized. In the European Union methods have been developed to estimate the environmental concentration in different environmental compartments, like soil, groundwater, surface water and air for use in the evaluation process for the registration of pesticides. The evaluation systems developed are highlighted shortly as well as the way the concentrations established may be use by registration authorities in the decision making process for registration. Also the decision making criteria are dealt with and possible mitigation measures to minimize the environmental hazards.


European Union Risk Assessment Environmental Concentration Plant Protection Product Tier Approach 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. EU (1991) Directive 91/414/EEC. The authorization Directive, Anon. (1991) Official Journal of the European Communities No L 230, 19-8-1991.Google Scholar
  2. EU (2001) Guidance Document on Aquatic Ecotoxicology in the context of the Directive 91/414/EEC. DOC Sanco/3268/2001 rev.4 (final) Brussels, 17 October 2001, 62 pp.Google Scholar
  3. EU (2002) Guidance Document on Terrestrial Ecotoxicology under Council Directive 91/414/EEC. DOC Sanco/10329/2002 rev.2 (final) Brussels, 17 October 2002, 39 pp.Google Scholar
  4. FOCUS (2001). “FOCUS Surface Water Scenarios in the EU Evaluation Process under 91/414/EEC“. Report of the FOCUS Working Group on Surface Water Scenarios, EC Document Reference SANCO/4802/2001-rev.2. 245 pp.Google Scholar
  5. FOCUS (2005) Scholar
  6. Mensink, B.J.W.G., Montforts, M., Wijkhuizen-Maslankiewicz, L., Tibosch, H., Linders, J.B.H.J. (1995) Manual for Summarizing and Evaluating the Environmental Aspects of Pesticides. RIVM-report 679101022, Bilthoven, The Netherlands, 117pp.Google Scholar
  7. RIVM, VROM, VWS (2002) Uniform System for the Evaluation of Substances 4.0 (USES 4.0). National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (VROM), Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport (VWS), The Netherlands. RIVM report 601450012.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

    • 1
  1. 1.RIVM-SECBilthovenNetherlands

Personalised recommendations