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Halophytes of Pakistan: characteristics, distribution and potential economic usages

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Part of the Tasks for Vegetation Science book series (TAVS,volume 42)

Abstract

Fresh water resources are becoming increasingly limited and agricultural irrigation systems will steadily increase in salinity in the near future. The time has come to develop sustainable biological production systems that can use low quality saline water for irrigation of halophytic crops in saline lands. A large number of halophytes could be used as cash crop (forage, fodder, fuel, medicine, chemicals, ornamentals etc). Pakistan spans a distance of 1,600 kilometers from the Arabian Sea to the playas of temperate northern mountains across deserts, plains and prairies, to the playas of temperate northern mountains covering an area of 800,000 square kilometers. The varied climatic conditions have resulted in a rich diversity of halophytic flora. Compared to the total 2,200 species reported worldwide, Pakistan alone has about 410 halophytes and 178 of them have not been reported before. About 274 of the total 410 halophytes reported here potentialy have economic usages.

Keywords

  • Salt Marsh
  • Missouri Botanical
  • Pongamia Pinnata
  • Polygonum Aviculare
  • Indus Plain

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-5072-5_11
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© 2006 Springer

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Khan, M.A., Qaiser, M. (2006). Halophytes of Pakistan: characteristics, distribution and potential economic usages. In: Khan, M.A., Böer, B., Kust, G.S., Barth, HJ. (eds) Sabkha Ecosystems. Tasks for Vegetation Science, vol 42. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5072-5_11

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