CONCEALED EXPLOSIVES DETECTOR BASED ON PORTABLE NEUTRON GENERATOR

  • OLEG V. BOCHKAREV
  • A.V. GAVRYUCHENKOV
  • A.M. POLISHCHUK
  • A.YU. UDALTSOV
  • D.N. VAKHTIN
  • A.V. EVSENIN
  • A.V. KUZNETSOV
Part of the NATO Security through Science Series book series

Abstract

The problem of detection and identification of hazardous substances became very urgent during last years. Nuclear physics methods allow one to perform standoff analysis of the suspicious object, determine its chemical composition, and decide if this substance is an explosive or any other hazardous material. In particular, methods of non-destructive neutron analysis, when object is exposed to neutrons and secondary neutron and/or gamma-radiation is registered, are successfully used in some systems [1–3]. In recent years systems like these are being equipped with pulsed neutron generators instead of radioisotope neutron sources. Neutron generators have essential advantages over radioisotope neutron sources. Among them are:

Keywords

Graphite Urea Silicate Foam Polyethylene 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    NIGAS: The Neutron Induced Gamma Spectrometer: Bruker Saxonia Analytik GmbH, 2000.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Vourvopoulos G., Womble P.C., Paschal J. A Pulsed Neutron Portable Probe for UXO and Landmine Identification. SPIE Proceedings on Penetrating Radiation Systems, 2000, vol.4142.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Bom V.R., Datema C.P., van Eijk C.W.E. The Status of the Delft University Neutron Backscatter Landmine Detector (DUNBLAD). Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 2004, v.61, pp.21–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Kuznetsov A.V., Evsenin A.V., Gorshkov I.Yu., Osetrov O.I., Vakhtin D.N. Detection of buried explosives using portable neutron sources with nanosecond timing. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 2004, v.61, pp.51–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • OLEG V. BOCHKAREV
    • 1
  • A.V. GAVRYUCHENKOV
    • 1
  • A.M. POLISHCHUK
    • 1
  • A.YU. UDALTSOV
    • 1
  • D.N. VAKHTIN
    • 2
  • A.V. EVSENIN
    • 2
  • A.V. KUZNETSOV
    • 2
  1. 1.N.L. Dukhov All-Russia Research Institute of Automatics (VNIIA)MoscowRussia
  2. 2.V.G. Khlopin Radium InstituteSaint-PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations