INCORPORATING BIOAVAILABILITY INTO CRITERIA FOR METALS

  • Herbert E. Allen
  • Colin R. Janssen
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 69)

Abstract

Ecotoxicological effects of metals in aquatic and terrestrial environments often do not correlate well to the total concentration of metal. Environmental quality criteria and standards based on total concentration of a metal may over or under predict actual effects.

Keywords

Zinc Nickel Toxicity Magnesium Cadmium 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert E. Allen
    • 1
  • Colin R. Janssen
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for the Study of Metals in the Environment, Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of DelawareNewarkU.S.A.
  2. 2.Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology and Aquatic EcologyGhent UniversityBelgium

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