The Selected Works of Arne Naess

pp 2263-2269

The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary

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The emergence of ecologists from their former relative obscurity marks a turning point in our scientific communities. Their message, however, is twisted and misused. A shallow, but currently rather powerful movement and a deep, but less influential movement compete for our attention. I shall make an effort to characterize the two.