Lachenalia species are geophytic endemics of South Africa and Namibia. This chapter includes a short overview of the taxonomic and breeding history of the genus. Diversity present in the genus is discussed in terms of morphology, distribution, propagation and genetics. The large diversity and absence of a key for the identification of species emphasizes the importance of investigating the diversity within species and establishing species boundaries. Crossing mechanisms and available information on the reproductive biology of Lachenalia are mentioned. The influence of production methods on the selection criteria and selection procedures is discussed. Information on the extent of reproductive barriers in the genus is included. Present and future breeding strategies and research needed to overcome these barriers are discussed. The chapter concludes with future perspectives for research and breeding in the genus.
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