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Ornamental flowering potted cacti are used for several floral holidays throughout the year, including Easter, Christmas, and Thanksgiving (U.S.). Their continued popularity has warranted extensive breeding and development of novel phenotypes, particularly upright growth habit, early flower initiation, upfacing flowers, flower coloration, floral longevity, and disease resistant cultivars. Most Hatiora and Schlumbergera species possess a gametophytic self incompatibility system. The use of intra- and inter-specific hybridization, breeding for disease resistance, polyploidy, and mutation breeding are presented with a focus on creating novel transformations for this crop in the future.
KeywordsFlower Color Mature Fruit Commercial Cultivar Mutation Breeding Stigma Lobe
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