• A.A. VARGA
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 49)


Pre-collapse creep is a widespread component of complex slope movements. Its study requires a preliminary kinematic classification, based on the relations between style and rate of gravitational dislocations and geological structure of rock massifs. Complexity and variability of slope deformations determine the shortcoming of the traditional deterministic approach. Thus, probabilistic analysis considering different scenarios and ‘event trees’ seems to be on the mainstream of rock slopes stability assessment. General aspects of geomechanical modelling and risk analysis of slope processes are discussed.


Rock Mass Slope Stability Active Zone Rock Slope Limit Equilibrium Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Arnao, B.M., Garga, V.K., Wright, R.S., and Perez, I.Y. (1984) The Tablachaca slide 5, Peru, and its stabilization, in: IV Inter. Symposium on Landslides. Toronto, 1, 597–604.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Blank, A., Durville, J.-L., Gandin, B., and Pincent, B. (1987) Methodes de surveillance d’un glissement de terrain de tres grande ampleur: le Clapiere, Alpes Maritimes, France, Bull. of IAEG, 35, 37–46.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Brown, J.R., Henger, M.H., and Goodman, R.E. (1980) Finite Element Study of the Nevis Bluff Rock Slope Failure, New Zealand, Rock Mechanics, 12, 231–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Clague, J.J., Evans, S. G. (2003) Gravitational origin of antislope scarps in British Columbia, (this volume).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Crosta, G.B., Imposimato, S., and Roddeman, D.G. (2003) Continuum numerical modelling of flow-like landslides, (this volume).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Eberhardt, E. (2003) From cause to effect - using numerical modelling to understand rock slope instability mechanisms, (this volume).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Evans, R.S. (1981) An Analysis of secondary toppling rock failures - the stress redistribution method. Quart. Journ. of Eng. Geol., 14, 77–86.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gary, M., McAfee Jr., R., and Wolf, C.L (Ed.) (1972) Glossary of Geology. American Geol. InstituteGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Genevois, R., and Tecca, P.R. (2002) Failure mechanisms and runout behaviour of three rockslidedebris avalanches in north-eastern Italian Alps, (this volume).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ghirotti, M. (2002) Eduardo Semenza: the importance of geological and geomorphological factors for the identification of the ancient Vaiont landslide, (this volume).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gladston, J., Fell, R., and Mostyn, G. (1999) Analysis and prediction of the pre-collapse deformation of cut rock slopes (Australia), in: Proc. of the IX ICRM, 1, Balkema, Rotterdam, 95–100.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hoek, E. (1993) When is a design in rock engineering acceptable? in: Proc. VII ICRM Congress, 3, Balkema, Rotterdam, 1485–1497.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Merrien-Soukatchoff, V. (2002) Which models are available to understand a large landslide such as La Clapiere (Southern Alps, France). in: NATO ARW Massive rock slope failure: new models for hazard assessment. Abstract volume, 98–102.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Moore, D.P., Ripley, B.D., and Groves, K.L. (1992) Evaluation of Mountain Slope Movements at Wahleach. in: Geotechnique and Natural Hazards, BiTech Publishers, Vancouver, 99–107.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Müller, L. (1968) New considerations on the Vaiont slide, Rock Mech. Eng. Geol. 6, 1–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Neuhauser, E., and Schober, W. (1970) Das Kriechen der Talhange und Elastische Hebungn beim Speicher Gepatsch. in: Proc. of the II ICRM, Beograd, 447–458.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Panet, M. (1993) General Report: Rock Slopes, in: Proc. of the VII ICRM, Congress 3 Balkema, Rotterdam, 1577–1586.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Risk Assessment as an Aid to Dam Safety Management (1999) ICOLD Bull. 9.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Scarascia Mugnozza, G., Fasani, G.B., Esposito, C., Martino, S., Saroli, M., Di Luzio, E., and Evans, S.G. (2003) Rock avalanche and mountain slope deformation in a convex dip-slope; the case of the Maiella massif, Central Italy, (this volume).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Scheidegger, A.E. (1976) Physical Aspects of Natural Catastrophes. Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Shitian, W., Zhuoyuan, Z. (1984) Viscous-flow deformation of rock masses in near-surface conditions and the related rock slope failure, in: Proc. IV Intern. Symposium on Landslides, Toronto 1, 585–589.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Stead, D., and Coggan, J. (2003) Numerical modelling of rock slopes using a total slope failure approach (this volume)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Varga, A., and Gorbushina, V. (1998) Geostructural classification of unstable rock masses, in: Proc. of VIII IAEG Congress 8, Balkema, Rotterdam, 1477–1483.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Varga, A.A. (2000) Engineering-geological analysis of gravitational creep in rock masses. Geoecology, Enggineering geology, Hydrogeology, Geocryology, 4, 291–306 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Woodword, R.C. (1988) The investigation of toppling slope failures in welded ash flow tuff at Glennies Creek Dam, New South Wales. Quart. Journ. of Eng. Geol. 21, 289–298.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yu, C.W., and Chern, J.C. (1994) Creep modelling of an endangered slope adjacent to Wusheh Dam, Taiwan, in: Proc. of VII IAEG Congress 5, Balkema, Rotterdam, 3789–3795.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zaruba, Q., and Mencl, V. (1979) Engineering Geology. Academia Prague.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • A.A. VARGA
    • 1
  1. 1.Hydroproject Institute Volokolamskoye Shosse 2MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations