Empiricism Vs. Realism Revisited
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The debate in the philosophy of science between empiricism (positivism) and realism is not so much a debate concerning howscience is or has been practised, as one concerning how it ought to be practised. Empiricists, for their part, view the aim of science as the affording of truth, and want therefore to exclude from science any activity of a hypothetical nature. Realists, on the other hand, see the aim of science as concerning understanding as well as truth, and view informed speculation about the nature of the real world as a worthwhile attempt to obtain such understanding.
KeywordsModern Science Causality Principle Empiricist Conception Historical Debate Hypothetical Nature
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