Brownian Dynamics Simulations of Polymers and Soft Matter
The Brownian dynamics (BD) simulation technique is a mesoscopic method in which explicit solvent molecules are replaced instead by a stochastic force. The technique takes advantage of the fact that there is a large separation in time scales between the rapid motion of solvent molecules and the more sluggish motion of polymers or colloids. The ability to coarse-grain out these fast modes of the solvent allows one to simulate much larger time scales than in a molecular dynamics simulation. At the core of a Brownian dynamics simulation is a stochastic differential equation which is integrated forward in time to create trajectories of molecules. Time enters naturally into the scheme allowing for the study of the temporal evolution and dynamics of complex fluids (e.g., polymers, large proteins, DNA molecules and colloidal solutions). Hydrodynamic and body forces, such as magnetic or electric fields, can be added in a straightforward way. Brownian dynamics simulations are particularly well suited to studying the structure and rheology of complex fluids in hydrodynamic flows and other nonequilibrium situations.
KeywordsHydrodynamic Interaction Persistence Length Brownian Dynamic Brownian Dynamic Simulation Rigid Constraint
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