ModeLing Coarsening Dynamics Using Interface Tracking Methods
In this paper, we will discuss the current state-of-the-art in numerical models of coarsening dynamics using a front-tracking approach. We will focus on coarsening during diffusional phase transformations. Many important structural materials such as steels, aluminum and nickel-based alloys are products of such transformations. Diffusional transformations occur when the temperature of a uniform mixture of materials is lowered into a regime where the uniform mixture is unstable. The system responds by nucleating second phase precipitates (e.g., crystals) that then evolve diffusionally until the process either reaches equilibrium or is quenched by further reducing the temperature. The diffusional evolution consists of two phases — growth and coarsening. Growth occurs in response to a local supersaturation in the primary (matrix) phase and a local mass balance relation is satisfied at each precipitate interface. Coarsening occurs when a global mass balance is achieved and involves a dynamic rearrangement of the fixed total mass in the system so as to minimize a global energy. Typically, the global energy consists of the surface energy. If the transformation occurs between components in the solid state, there is also an elastic energy that arises due to the presence of a misfit stress between the precipitates and the matrix as their crystal structures are often slightly different.
KeywordsNickel Expense Lution Tate Tempo
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