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Basic Principles of Green Chemistry

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Green chemistry is defined as environmentally benign chemical synthesis. Any synthesis, whether performed in teaching laboratories or industries should create none or minimum by-products which pollute the atmosphere. According to the work carried out by Paul T. Anastas, the following basic principles of green chemistry have been formulated1:

  • Prevention of waste/by-products.

  • Maximum incorporation of the reactants (starting materials and reagents) into the final product.

  • Prevention or minimization of hazardous products.

  • Designing of safer chemicals.

  • Energy requirement for any synthesis should be minimum.

  • Selecting the most appropriate solvent.

  • Selecting the appropriate starting materials.

  • Use of the protecting group should be avoided whenever possible.

  • Use of catalysts should be preferred wherever possible.

  • Products obtained should be biodegradable.

  • The manufacturing plants should be so designed as to eliminate the possibility of accidents during operations.

  • Strengthening of analytical techniques to control hazardous compounds.


  • Green Chemistry
  • Methyl Amine
  • Benzyl Chloride
  • Elimination Reaction
  • Sodium Ethoxide

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-3175-5_3
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  1. Paul T. Anastas and John C. Warner, Green Chemistry, Theory and Practice, Oxford University Press, New York, 1998.

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  2. Barry M. Trost, Science, 1991, 254, 1471–1477.

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  3. Roser A. Sheldon, Chem. Ind. ( London ), 1992, 903–906.

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  4. Colin Baird, Environmental Chemistry, W.H. Freeman, New York, 1999.

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© 2004 Anamaya Publishers, New Delhi, India

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Ahluwalia, V.K., Kidwai, M. (2004). Basic Principles of Green Chemistry. In: New Trends in Green Chemistry. Springer, Dordrecht.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht

  • Print ISBN: 978-94-015-7102-9

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4020-3175-5

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