Advertisement

Semi-arid Northeast Brazil: Integrated Modeling of Regional Development and Global Change Impacts

  • Maarten S. Krol
  • Dagmar Fuhr
  • Andreas Döring
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 20)

Societies in semi-arid areas in developing regions are amongst those most vulnerable to climate variability and potentially most vulnerable to climate change. The vulnerability to climate variability emerges from a combination of the level of availability of natural resources and the human dependency on these resources. In semi-arid regions, the limited availability of water and the low reliability of this availability pose strong restrictions on the use of natural resources. On the other hand, population often has a high density, and is strongly dependent on natural resources with little short-term options to reduce the dependency.

Reasonable conditions in the wetter years support the persistence of population in the area; marginal or poor conditions in dryer years often have strong impacts as social disruption and population migration. The adverse conditions and arrears in development hamper significant improvements in the quality of life.

Regional tradition and adaptation to local conditions serve as experiences to cope with droughts. This may help to survive emergency situations, but does not really reduce vulnerability, as it does not reduce development deficits (including education, access to markets and credits). These deficits inhibit local population to improve their own living conditions.

Keywords

Water Availability Water Demand Regional Development Reference Scenario Climate Impact Assessment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maarten S. Krol
    • 1
  • Dagmar Fuhr
    • 2
  • Andreas Döring
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering TechnologyUniversity of TwenteNetherlands
  2. 2.Center for Environmental Systems ResearchUniversity of KasselGermany

Personalised recommendations