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Early Hominids in the Balkans

  • Nena Galanidou
Chapter

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to introduce the human factor, in the shape of our Palaeolithic past, into the study of Balkan biodiversity and to identify those parts of the story of Pleistocene hominids in the Balkans that are most relevant to this study. The paper’s temporal perspective will thus be a long one, since this period encompassed many thousands of years, witnessing the alternation of cold and warm stages and the geographic restriction and expansion of various plant and animal populations. Against this periodically changing Ice Age background there took place the arrival of ancient hominids in the Balkans, the extinction of certain species and the arrival and subsequent expansion of our species, Homo sapiens through even the most remote of upland regions, formerly inaccessible. The Balkan Peninsula, the south-eastern entrance to Europe, is a region of critical concern in the process of reconstructing ancient European history. As one of the many pieces in the European hominid mosaic, the Balkan record will be discussed here in conjunction with the major issues of early European prehistory.

Keywords

Modern Human Early Hominid Current Anthropology Lithic Industry Modern Human Population 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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