Personal Decontamination Following a Terrorist Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Attack
This paper describes the two level system of personal decontamination that was originally developed in the Czech Republic (the former Czechoslovakia) for both the armed forces and civil protection. It is suitable for rescue operations after the release of toxic, contagious agents and radionuclides during both wartime and peacetime operations. The system is suitable for rescue teams as well as for contaminated personnel. The first level of decontamination (primary or immediate) is at the individual level and is considered as a medical countermeasure (in some cases life-saving). The secondary level of decontamination is for non-wounded personnel. It is executed by the Chemical Corps (Civil Protection) at special decontamination sites, while the secondary decontamination of wounded personnel is considered a medical (Health Service) measure and is executed, if necessary, at the entrance of a facility of the medical rescue and evacuation system.
KeywordsNerve Agent Evacuation System Rescue Team Medical Countermeasure Medical Rescue System
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