Toxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins in Romania: Challenges and Approaches
Pre-harvest and post-harvest occurrence of agriculturally important toxigenic species of Fusarium, Aspergillus and Penicillium, is a worldwide phenomenon. Unprecedented damaging Fusarium epidemics registered after 1990 on wheat in Europe, the USA and Canada have re-emerged scientific and social concerns on these pathogens, since many of them cause not only severe reduction in crop yield, but are often associated with contamination of related mycotoxins. From field to foork, many mycotoxins with harmful effect on humans and livestock health, such as aflatoxins, ochratoxins, patulin and the Fusarium toxins are hazardous during storage, food processing and transport. The major sources of mycotoxins studied up to now are products made from cereals, in particular wheat and corn, but with regard to toxigenic strains of Aspergillus and Penicillium grapes must be also carefully considered.
KeywordsFusarium Head Blight Wheat Genotype Wheat Sample Maize Sample Fusarium Isolate
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