Metamorphosis pp 361-384 | Cite as

Interprettng Stevenson’s Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde on the Basis of Tymieniecka’s Socio-Communal Psychiatric Therapeutics

  • Gary Backhaus
Part of the Analecta Husserliana book series (ANHU, volume 81)


Deep and disclosive insights concerning life’s evolutionary processes, world constructions, or the existential dynamics of the human condition are not the property of one specific form of human activity. Philosophy, science, religion, and the arts are mediums by which products of creative profundity can alter the course of historical cultures.1 Developments in each of the modes of human inquiry depend upon the creative process of burrowing into the depths of the soul in order for an inspiration to emerge, i.e., the fabulating agency of the Imaginatio Creatrix, which activates reorganizing transitional dynamic processes. Through this agency, pre-human properties of life’s ontopoietic expansion are transformed into human sense bestowing functions.2 Contextualized in a particular mode of inquiry or quest, the creative person is susceptible to certain delimited types of creative urges and manifestations. The literary artist employs neither the reasoning processes of the philosopher to articulate her creative conceptual insights into an expository discourse, nor the experimental procedures of the scientist to operationalize creative theoretical insights for the purpose of isolating causal agencies. Specifically, the literary artist “fabulates” her creative intuitions into the symbolism of a story. All particular original insights are immediately modalized (not ex nihilo), which generates objectivations according to qualities of the specific medium.


Personality Disorder Psychosomatic Medicine Moral Sense Human Soul Human Sense 
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  1. 1.
    Mediums are any cultural forms that can serve to orient and to channel creative insights. Cultural forms in the Simmelian sense–mediums of subjective expressions that establish their own inner logic and thus when objectivated retroject back upon individuals as objective culture.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Specific doctrines espoused by Tymieniecka that are pertinent to the thesis of the paper are explicated, but the article presupposes a general familiarization with Tymieniecka’s Philosophy of Life, especially her process theory of the dynamic progression of life ontopoiesis. To gain general familiarization the reader is directed to two general studies. See Gary Backhaus, “Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka: The Trajectory of Her Thought from Eidetic Phenomenology to the Phenomenology of Life,” in Phenomenological Inquiry, Volume 25 October 2001. Also see Gary Backhaus, “Tymieniecka’s Phenomenology of Life: The ‘Imaginatio Creatrix,’ Subliminal Passions, and the Moral Sense,” in Consciousness & Emotion, Volume 2 Number 1 2001.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    I am using the words, ‘resonance,’ ‘repercussion,’ and ‘reverberation’ similarly to the way the words are employed by Gaston Bachelard. Resonation is similar to the word, ‘attune-ment,’ whereby we fully experience something. Repercussion brings us to greater depths. Reverberation brings a change of being. See Gaston Bachelard, The Poetics of Space, trans. Maria Jolas ( Boston: Beacon Press, 1994 ).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    By ‘because-motive’ I mean the reasons that motivated Jekyll to formulate his project in the first place. The because-motive is a structure in the motivational-context. See Alfred Schutz, The Phenomenology of the Social World, trans George Walsh and George Lehnert (Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1967), p. 91.Google Scholar
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    Franz G. Alexander, M.D. and Sheldon T. Selesnick, M.D., The History of Psychiatry (New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1966 ), p. 285.Google Scholar
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    Putative histories of psychology situate Breuer’s work in the psychoanalytic movement. See Edna Heidbreder, Seven Psychologies (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1933), pp. 376–381. For another example see Thomas H. Leahey, A History of Psychology (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1980 ), pp. 224–228.Google Scholar
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    Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, “The Socio-Communal Identification of the Human Person–The Introduction of the Moral Sense into Psychiatry,” in Analecta Husserliana XX (Dordrecht: D. Reidel,1986), p. 50.Google Scholar
  9. 15.
    Alexander and Selesnick, p. 400.Google Scholar
  10. 16.
    Tymieniecka, “The Socio-Communal Identification,” p. 63.Google Scholar
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    Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, Logos of Life, Book Three: The Passions of the Soul and the Elements in the Onto-Poiesis of Culture, Analecta Husserliana XXVIII ( Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990 ), p. 24.Google Scholar
  12. 25.
    Tymieniecka, “The Socio-Communal Identification,” p. 46.Google Scholar
  13. 28.
    Robert Louis Stevenson, The Merry Men and Other Tales and Fables. Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde ( New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1906 ), p. 383.Google Scholar
  14. 42.
    Tymieniecka, “The Socio-Communal Identification,” p. 72.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gary Backhaus
    • 1
  1. 1.Morgan State UniversityUSA

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