Advertisement

Subjective Well-Being, Values and Goal Achievement

  • Ferran Casas
  • Mònica González
  • Cristina Figuer
  • Germà Coenders
Chapter
Part of the Social Indicators Research Series book series (SINS, volume 23)

Abstract

The relation between life domains satisfaction and overall life satisfaction, values, internal/external perceived control and the option of planning or by chance searching information on the Internet has been explored in a sample of Spanish adolescents aged 12 to 16 (N=968). Age and sex differences have been examined. Results clearly confirm a positive relation between satisfaction with life domains and overall satisfaction with life. Satisfaction with life as a whole shows also to be positively correlated with non-materialistic values. Perceived control shows to be, once again, a key construct to understand both life-satisfaction of adolescents and their behavioural intentions to plan or not to plan their action to fulfil intended goals. A clear pattern between external and internal perceived control stems from our analysis: subjects reporting to rely on chance when searching information show higher external perceived control while respondents who prefer to plan show higher internal perceived control. The more satisfaction expressed with learning related items (satisfaction with school performance, learning, and preparation for future), with family and with life as a whole, the more tendencies are observed among the respondents to plan their search. No direct relation has been observed between values and behavioural intentions to plan or not to plan action to fulfil intended goals. Perceived control, but also satisfaction with some life domains and with life as a whole seem to act as mediating factors between behavioural intentions and values.

by chance children goal achievement Internet life-satisfaction perceived control plan values 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Campbell, A., P.E. Converse and W.L. Rodgers: 1976, The Quality of American Life: Perceptions, Evaluations and Satisfactions (Russell Sage Foundation, New York) .Google Scholar
  2. Casas, F., C. Alsinet and M. Rosich: 1999, Análisis del bienestar psicológico de los niños y niñas. Las escalas de satisfacción vital y las escalas de afecto positivo y negativo’, V Congreso Estatal de Intervención Social 3, pp. 2071–2081.Google Scholar
  3. Casas, F., C. Figuer and M. González and G. Coenders: 2003, ‘Satisfaction with life domains and salient values for future among children and their parents in 5 different countries’, 5th Conference of the International Society for Quality-OfLife Studies.Google Scholar
  4. Casas, F., M. Rosich and C. Alsinet: 2001, ‘El bienestar psicológico de los preadolescentes’, Anuario de Psicología 31(2), pp. 73–86.Google Scholar
  5. Casas, F., C. Alsinet, M. Rosich, E.S. Huebner and J.E. Laughlin: 2000, ‘Crosscultural investigation of the Multidimensional Life Satisfaction Scale with Spanish adolescents’, Third Conference of the International Society for Quality of Life Studies. Girona, 20–22 July 2000.Google Scholar
  6. Dunteman, G.H.: 1989, Principal Components Analysis (Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA).Google Scholar
  7. Friedman, S.L., E.K. Scholnick and R.R. Cocking: 1987, ‘Reflections on reflection: What planning is and how it develops’, in S.L. Friedman, E.K. Scholnick and R.R. Cocking (eds.), Blueprints for Thinking: The Role of Planning in Cognitive Development (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK), pp. 515–534.Google Scholar
  8. Friedman, S.L. and E.K. Scholnick: 1987, ‘Setting the stage: An integrative framework for understanding research on planning’, in S.L. Friedman and E.K. Scholnick (eds.), The Developmental Psychology of Planning: Why, How, and When Do We Plan? (Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ), pp. 3–22.Google Scholar
  9. Garzón, A. and J. Garcés: 1989, ’Hacia una conceptualización del valor’, in A. Rodríguez and J. Seoane (eds.), Creencias, actitudes y valores (Alhambra, Madrid).Google Scholar
  10. Hart, R.A.: 1992, Children’s Participation. From Tokenism to Citizenship. Innocenti Essays, 4. Florence. I.C.D.C. UNICEF.Google Scholar
  11. Huebner, E.S.: 1991, ‘Correlates of life satisfaction in children’, School Psychology Quaterly 6, pp. 103–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Huebner, E.S.: 1994, ‘Preliminary development and validation of a multidimensional life satisfaction scale for children’, Psychological Assessment 6, pp. 149–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Huebner, E.S. and T. Dew: 1993, ‘Validity of the perceived life satisfaction scale’, School Psychology International 14, pp. 355–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kreitler, S. and H. Kreitler: 1987, ‘Concepts and processes of planning: Their motivational and cognitive antecedents’, in S.L. Friedman, E.K. Scholnick and R.R. Cocking (eds.), Blueprints for Thinking: The Role of Planning in Cognitive Development (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK), pp. 110–178.Google Scholar
  15. Martín, S., J.M. Martínez, J.S. Lopez, M.J. Martín and J.M. Martín: 1998, ‘Comportamientos de riesgo: violencia, prácticas sexuales de riesgo y consumo de drogas ilegales’ (Emtinema, Madrid).Google Scholar
  16. Nurmi, J.E.: 1991, ‘How do adolescents see their future? A review of tre development of future orientation and planning’ , Developmental Review 11, pp. 1–59.Google Scholar
  17. Nurmi, J.E.: 1993, ‘Adolescent development in an aged-graded context: The role of personal beliefs, goals and strategies in the tackling of developmental tasks and standards’, International Journal of Behavioral Development 16, pp. 169–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Pearly, L. and C. Schooler: 1978, ‘The structure of coping’, Journal of Health and Social Behaviour 19, pp. 2–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pearson, K.: 1901, ‘On lines and planes of closest fit to a system of points in space’, Philosophical Magazine, Series 6, pp. 559–572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pinillos, J.L.: 1982, ‘El cambio de los sistemas de valores en las sociedades desarrolladas y en las sociedades en desarrollo’ , Reunion Internacional sobre Psicología de los Valores. Policopied.Google Scholar
  21. Rokeach, M.: 1973, The Nature of Human Values (Free Press, New York).Google Scholar
  22. Skinner, E.A.: 1997, ‘Planning and perceived control’, in S.L. Friedman and E.K. Scholnick (eds.), The Developmental Psychology of Planning: Why, How, and When Do We Plan? (Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ), pp. 263–284.Google Scholar
  23. Skinner, E.A. and J.P. Connell: 1986, ‘Control understanding: Suggestions for a developmental framework’, in M.M. Baltes and P.B. Baltes (eds.), The Psychology of Control and Aging (Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ), pp. 35–69.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ferran Casas
    • 1
  • Mònica González
    • 1
  • Cristina Figuer
    • 1
  • Germà Coenders
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Recerca sobre Qualitat de Vida (IRQV)Universitat de GironaGironaSpain

Personalised recommendations