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Superconductivity

  • Lev Kantorovich
Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 136)

Abstract

Some metals demonstrate infinite conductivity (zero resistance) at temperatures below some critical temperature T c , see Fig. 7.1. At T > T c the metals behave as normal. This effect is called superconductivity (H. K. Onnes, 1911) and the corresponding metals are superconductors. T c varies widely for different metals (Rh: 0.001 K; Ti: 0.39 K; Al: 1.14 K; V: 5.38 K; Nb: 9.5 K; Nb3Sn: 18.05 K; Nb3Ge: 23.2 K; YBa2Cu3O7—δ: 90 K). At T > T c we talk about normal and when T < T c superconducting states of these metals.

Keywords

Critical Temperature Fermi Energy Superconducting State Cooper Pair Normal Metal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lev Kantorovich
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsKing’s College LondonLondonUK

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