An Introduction to Diamond Anvil Cells and Loading Techniques

  • E. Soignard
  • P. F. McMillan
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAII, volume 140)


The development of the diamond anvil cell has led to studies of condensed matter under static high pressure conditions extending into the multi-megabar range, under simultaneous very high- or ultra low-temperature conditions, with implications for fields ranging from Earth and planetary science, to solid state physics and chemistry, and materials science [1–25]. The combination of such high pressure techniques with structure determination of solids (and liquids) via the methods of crystallography is the topic of this course. The various Chapters in this volume describe basic to advanced techniques for high pressure crystallography and data analysis, along with complementary experimental and theoretical methods for structural studies, presented by experts in the various fields. One of the goals of the course was also to encourage students or established researchers with interests in other areas of crystallography to incorporate diamond cell techniques into their research programme. For such “new users”, it was felt useful to provide the present Chapter, that describes some of the basic principles of the diamond anvil cell and a brief introduction to its operation. For those that wish to explore and develop the methods further, we recommend that readers consult the many excellent review articles and books that have been published on the subject, including useful accounts of the history of the instrument [1–6].


Diamond Anvil Cell Backing Plate High Pressure Experiment Gasket Material Diamond Anvil Cell Laser Heating 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Soignard
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. F. McMillan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Christopher Ingold LaboratoriesUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Davy-Faraday Research LaboratoryRoyal Institution of Great BritainLondonUK

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