Outside Europe: Africa and the Far East

  • Richard Langhorne


It has been some time since historians began to attribute less importance to non-European affairs in the history of nineteenth-century international politics. These affairs had largely presented themselves in terms of colonial rivalries in Africa, or imperial disputes along the Indian frontiers, and such matters now seem to have significance more as indicators of other factors than as prime movers. It would, however, be a mistake to allow this change of emphasis to lead to a purely Eurocentric view of the importance or otherwise of non-European areas. In the context of the history of the international system, the Far East, particularly, came to have enormous importance at the end of the nineteenth century not so much for what European powers were doing in the area, though this constitutes an essential link, but for the developments which were independently acquiring their own momentum, beyond the ability of the great powers to halt or control. It was this effect which had such debilitating consequences for the Concert of Europe.1


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Further Reading

  1. G. Barraclough, An Introduction to Contemporary History (Pelican, 1967).Google Scholar
  2. G. F. Hudson, The Far East in World Politics (Oxford: OUP, 1937).Google Scholar
  3. W. L. Langer, European Alliances and Alignments, 1870–1890 (Knopf, 1950).Google Scholar
  4. —, The Diplomacy of Imperialism, 1890–1902 (Knopf, 1951).Google Scholar
  5. R. E. Robinson and J. Gallagher with Alice Denny, Africa and the Victorians (Macmillan, 1963).Google Scholar
  6. A. J. P. Taylor, The Struggle for Mastery in Europe, 1848–1918 (Oxford: OUP, 1957).Google Scholar
  7. A. P. Thornton, Doctrines of Imperialism (Wiley, 1965).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Richard Langhorne 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Langhorne
    • 1
  1. 1.St John’s CollegeCambridgeUK

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