Perennial Crops of Orchards and Plantations

  • R. J. Stephens


The herbaceous row crops, especially the cereals, pulses, root crops and vegetables, provide man with most of his food, but the many different kinds of perennials yield fruits and a great variety of other food and stimulant products, including spices, tea, coffee, cocoa, cola and hops, and manufacturing raw materials such as rubber and jute. In the underdeveloped world perennial crops are often grown in large plantations in which irrigation, fertilisers and pesticides are used efficiently, and are not subject to the constraints of peasant agriculture. In Europe and North America, also, the tendency is for perennial crops to be grown by specialists employing the most modern methods.


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Copyright information

© R. J. Stephens 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. J. Stephens
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of BathUK

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