On 6 February 1844 Graham introduced a Bill largely following the 1843 drafts, but including women in the 12 hours restriction, extending to silk mills and prohibiting ‘making-up’ time except in water-powered mills which had been completely stopped. Daily education was provided, without the controversial methods suggested in 1843; and children were to work in either the morning or the afternoon. At the Second Reading, on 12 February, Ashley caused some argument by alleging that child piecers often walked twenty-five or thirty miles daily during their work.1 Again, the reformers were determined to convert the measure into their own Bill.
KeywordsFree Trade Factory Movement Bitter Experience Agricultural Protection Land Scheme
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