• S. Alexander


The study of the appearances of things has introduced us to the distinction of truth and error and brought us into contact with the region of values. For illusory-appearances have been seen to lie between veridical ideas or images and errors. In themselves, as appearances, they are perspectives of the real world from the point of view of a mind diseased; they are objective and non-mental and owe to the mind nothing but their selection from the real world. They have all the characters of reality, and like other ideas are claimants to reality, awaiting sentence. When they are believed, when, for example, I say not merely that I see the grey paper green, but that the paper is really green, they are errors, and are false or untrue beliefs. As half-way towards errors (and they are always on the point of being believed), they are rightly called unreal. For reality, as will presently be urged, is a compendious name for Space-Time and whatever occupies it. But illusory appearances, in the form in which the appearances present themselves, do not truly occupy Space-Time.


External Object True Proposition Moral Good External Reality Moral Evil 
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Copyright information

© Macmillan & Co. Ltd. and Dover Publications, Inc. 1966

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  • S. Alexander

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