Where people live

  • Kate Shaw
  • Julie Jefferies
Part of the Focus On book series (FO)


Chapter 1 provides an overview of the population of the UK and its four constituent countries. Such an overview is a useful starting point but a huge amount of diversity exists between different regions and local areas within the UK.


Unemployment Rate Local Authority London Borough Scottish Executive English Region 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Population estimates for government office regions, local authorities and unitary authorities in England, and unitary authorities in Wales, can be found at:
  2. Population estimates for Scotland can be accessed at:
  3. Population estimates for Northern Ireland are available from:
  4. All UK estimates refer to the population as at 30 June of the year specified.Google Scholar
  5. 2001.
    Census data from Theme Tables T02 (England and Wales), T17 (Scotland) and T43 (Northern Ireland).Google Scholar
  6. 3.
    Department for Education and Skills (2004) Education and Training Statistics UK 2004, Tables 3.6 and 3.10: Scholar
  7. 4.
    Higher Education and Research Opportunities in the United Kingdom (HERO): _ colleges/index.cfm
  8. 5.
    Simpson L (2004) Statistics of racial segregation: measures, evidence and policy in Urban Studies 41.Google Scholar
  9. 6.
    See reference 5.Google Scholar
  10. 7.
    Office for National Statistics (2004) Focus on Ethnicity and Identity: Scholar
  11. 8.
    Dorling D and Thomas B (2004) People and Places: a Census Atlas. Policy Press: Bristol.Google Scholar
  12. 9.
    The term community background refers to a person’s current religion or if no current religion was stated, the religion that the person was brought up in. Protestant includes ‘Other Christian’ and ‘Christian related’, and those brought up as Protestants. Catholic includes those respondents who gave their religion as Catholic or Roman Catholic, and those brought up as Catholics.Google Scholar
  13. 10.
    Office for National Statistics (2004) Focus on Religion. Scholar
  14. 11.
    Office for National Statistics Guide to Questions on Religion:
  15. 12.
    The English Indices of Multiple Deprivation 2004:
  16. 13.
    See reference 11.Google Scholar
  17. 14.
    Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation 2005:
  18. 15.
    Scotland Indices of Multiple Deprivation 2004:
  19. 16.
    Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure 2005:
  20. 17.
    Office for National Statistics (2005) Focus on Social Inequalities: Scholar
  21. 18.
    The employment rate refers to the percentage of working-age people who are employed. All employment and unemployment rates in this section are from the Annual Population Survey and cover the period January to December 2004.Google Scholar
  22. 19.
    The working-age population consists of men aged 16 to 64 years and women aged 16 to 59 years.Google Scholar
  23. 20.
    The unemployment rate is the percentage of economically active people aged 16+ who are unemployed, using the International Labour Organisation (ILO) measure of unemployment.Google Scholar
  24. 21.
    Data for the Isles of Scilly are unavailable. Data for local districts in Northern Ireland are not available in order to protect respondent confidentiality.Google Scholar
  25. 22.
    Unemployment rates are shown by county and unitary authority for England and Wales as counts of unemployed people are very small in some local authorities within counties and would provide estimates with a low level of reliability.Google Scholar
  26. 23.
    The average used here is the median (the middle value if all employee incomes were ordered from highest to lowest).Google Scholar
  27. 24.
    Office for National Statistics (2004) Focus on Gender: Scholar
  28. 25.
    Office for National Statistics Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings. Data for some local authorities are unavailable in order to protect respondent confidentiality.Google Scholar
  29. 26.
    Dixon S (2003) Migration within Britain for job reasons in Labour Market Trends 111(4), 191–201.Google Scholar
  30. 27.
    See reference 26.Google Scholar
  31. 28.
    The data shown here come from the Annual Business Inquiry 2003 and refer to districts within Great Britain only.Google Scholar
  32. 29.
    See reference 26.Google Scholar
  33. 30.
    Please see appendix for a description of different types of housing completion.Google Scholar
  34. 31.
    Office of the Deputy Prime Minister:!=3 Data for 2003/04 are provisional.
  35. 32.
    National Assembly for Wales: keypubstatisticsforwales/content/publication/housing/2004/sb85-2004/sb85-2004.htm
  36. 33.
    Scottish Executive:
  37. 34.
    Northern Ireland Department for Social Development:
  38. 35.
    Office for National Statistics (2004) Focus on Ethnicity and Identity: Scholar
  39. 36.
    See reference 35.Google Scholar
  40. 37.
    Office for National Statistics (2004) Regional Trends: Scholar
  41. 38.
    Office for National Statistics (2005) Key Population and Vital Statistics: Scholar
  42. 39.
    Neighbourhood Statistics:
  43. 40.
    General Register Office for Scotland: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency:
  44. National Assembly for Wales:

Copyright information

© Crown copyright 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kate Shaw
  • Julie Jefferies

There are no affiliations available

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