Uruguay was the last colony settled by Spain in the Americas. Part of the Spanish viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata until revolutionaries expelled the Spanish in 1811 and subsequently a province of Brazil, Uruguay declared independence on 25 Aug. 1825. Conflict between two political parties, the blancos (conservatives) and the Colorados (liberals) led, in 1865–70, to the War of the Triple Alliance. In 1903 peace was restored under the Colorados president José Batlle y Ordóñez.
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