Papua New Guinea

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Spanish first claimed the island in 1545 but the first attempt at colonization was made in 1793 by the British. In 1828 the Dutch claimed the west half of the island as part of the Dutch East Indies. On 6 Nov. 1884 a British Protectorate was proclaimed over the southern portion of the eastern half of New Guinea and in 1888 the territory was annexed. On 1 Sept. 1906 the Governor-General of Australia declared that British New Guinea was to be known henceforth as the Territory of Papua. The northern portion of New Guinea was a German colony until 1914 when Australian armed forces occupied it. For the next seven years it remained under their administration until becoming a League of Nations mandated territory in 1921, administered by Australia, and later a UN Trust Territory (of New Guinea). Australia granted Papua New Guinea self-government on 1 Dec. 1973, and on 16 Sept. 1975 Papua New Guinea became a fully independent state.


Prime Minister Parliamentary Election Peace Agreement East Sepik Province Provincial Representative 
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Further Reading

  1. National Statistical Office. Summary of Statistics. Annual.—Abstract of Statistics. Quarterly.Google Scholar
  2. Bank of Papua New Guinea. Quarterly Economic Bulletin.Google Scholar
  3. Turner, A., Historical Dictionary of Papua New Guinea. Metuchen (NJ), 1995Google Scholar
  4. Waiko, J. D., Short History of Papua New Guinea. OUP, 1993Google Scholar
  5. National Statistical Office: National Statistical Office, PO Box 337, Waigani, National Capital District, Port Moresby.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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