Introduction: World Opinion on September 11, 2001—If the World Doesn’t Hate Us, Why Would Someone Do This?

  • Frank Louis Rusciano

Abstract

What perceived grievance could motivate individuals on the other side of the world to plot and carry out suicide attacks within the United States? The common response points to American policy in the Middle East, particularly toward the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Other explanations reference the ongoing decline of Muslim countries, rifts between secular governments supported by the West, and fundamentalist forces in the Middle East. All of these explanations have credence, and provide pieces of the puzzle. But analysts have neglected the relationships among the events of September 11 and other forms of religious and ethnic violence since the fall of the Berlin Wall. Understanding the roots of global rage in the post-Cold War era requires a global perspective that elaborates, without necessarily negating, the other explanations.

Keywords

Europe Covariance Coherence Explosive Posit 

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Notes

  1. 2.
    Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996), p. 39.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Huntington, “The Clash of Civilizations?” Foreign Affairs 72, no. 3 (1993): 191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 4.
    See, for instance, Frank Louis Rusciano, World Opinion and the Emerging International Order (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1998)Google Scholar
  4. and Hedley Bull and Adam Watson, The Expansion of International Society (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984).Google Scholar
  5. 13.
    Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky, Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of Mass Media (New York: Random House, 1988).Google Scholar
  6. 17.
    See Frank Louis Rusciano and Roberta Fiske-Rusciano, “Towards a Notion of ‘World Opinion,’” International Journal of Public Opinion Research 2 (1990): 305–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 22.
    See Frank Louis Rusciano, “Media Perspectives on ‘World Opinion’ During the Kuwaiti Crisis,” in Media and the Persian Gulf War, ed. Robert E. Denton (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1993): 71–87.Google Scholar
  8. 26.
    Michael Doran, “The Pragmatic Fanaticism of al Qaeda: An Anatomy of Extremism in Middle Eastern Politics,” Political Science Quarterly 117, no. 2 (2002): 185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 30.
    Huntington, “The Clash of Civilizations: A Debate,” in A Foreign Affairs Reader (New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1993).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Frank L. Rusciano 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank Louis Rusciano
    • 1
  1. 1.Rider UniversityUSA

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