• Palgrave Macmillan
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The natural springs and safe anchorages of the northern reaches of Bahrain island were home to the Dilmun civilization 5,000 years ago, which traded goods such as Omani copper with Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley civilization. From the 6th century BC the archipelago came under the influence of various Persian dynasties—initially the Achaemenids, and then, from the 3rd century BC, the Parthians followed by the Sassanids.


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Further Reading

  1. Bahrain Monetary Authority. Quarterly Statistical Bulletin.Google Scholar
  2. Central Statistics Organization. Statistical Abstract. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  3. Al-Khalifa, A. and Rice, M. (eds.) Bahrain through the Ages. 1993Google Scholar
  4. Al-Khalifa, H. bin I., First Light: Modern Bahrain and its Heritage. 1995Google Scholar
  5. Joyce, Miriam, Bahrain from the Twentieth Century to the Arab Spring. 2012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Moore, Philip, Bahrain: A New Era. 2001Google Scholar
  7. National Statistical Office: Central Statistics Organization, Council of Ministers, Manama.Google Scholar

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  • Palgrave Macmillan

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