Environmental Studies and the Influence of Culture: Security Consulting Experiences in Korea, Japan and Malaysia

  • Richard H. Schneider


Before the beginning of recorded time people used natural and built environments to shield themselves from the weather and protect against animal and human predators. The long story of the intimate connection between security and the environment is etched on the cave walls, in the castles and in the citadels of our ancestors. This chapter considers some of the research that has explored those connections and suggests that this work generally has downplayed a crucial variable — culture — as a filter mediating between environments and human behaviour. Culture affects how security interventions are prescribed, interpreted and implemented. In the course of this discussion I use examples from my own consulting work, primarily in East Asia during 2007–2010, to illustrate some of the biases and assumptions that people may carry with them to unfamiliar places.


Violent Crime Crime Prevention Property Crime Environmental Design Situational Crime Prevention 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  • Richard H. Schneider

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