The Netherlands

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Flint tools found in the Maastricht area have been estimated to be 250,000 years old. The first definable culture (c. 3000 BC) was the Late Stone Age ‘Funnel-neck Beaker’ culture, named after the objects made by a people known for their monolithic burial monuments. The environment of the ‘Low Countries’ affected the behaviour of its earliest inhabitants, as demonstrated by the terpen—islands of earth and clay—built by the autochthonous Frisians (Frisii) c. 500 BC as protection from the sea.


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Further Reading

  1. Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Statistical Yearbook of the Netherlands. From 1923/24.—Statistisch Jaarboek. From 1899/1924.—CBS Select (Statistical Essays). From 1980.—Statistisch Bulletin. From 1945; weekly.—Maandschrift. From 1944; monthly bulletin.—90 Jaren Statistiek in Tijdreeksen (historical series of the Netherlands 1899–1989)Google Scholar
  2. Nationale Rekeningen (National Accounts). From 1948–50.—Statistische onderzoekingen. From 1977.—Regionaal Statistisch Zakboek (Regional Pocket Yearbook). From 1972Google Scholar
  3. Staatsalmanak voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. Annual from 1814Google Scholar
  4. Staatsblad van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. From 1814Google Scholar
  5. Staatscourant (State Gazette). From 1813Google Scholar
  6. Andeweg, Rudy B. and Irwin, Galen A., Governance and Politics of the Netherlands. 3rd ed. 2009Google Scholar
  7. Arblaster, Paul, A History of the Low Countries. 2005Google Scholar
  8. Blom, J. C. H. and Lamberts, E. (eds.) History of the Low Countries. Revised ed. 2006Google Scholar
  9. Cox, R. H., The Development of the Dutch Welfare State: from Workers’ Insurance to Universal Entitlement. 1994Google Scholar
  10. Gladdish, K., Governing from the Centre: Politics and Policy-Making in the Netherlands. 1991Google Scholar
  11. National library: De Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Prinz Willem Alexanderhof 5, The Hague.Google Scholar
  12. National Statistical Office: Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics, POB 4000, 2270 JM Voorburg.Google Scholar
  13. Statistics Netherlands Website:
  14. Central Bureau of Statistics Website:
  15. Statistical office: Central Bureau of Statistics Curaçao, Fort Amsterdam Z/N, Curaçao.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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