Conscience, Conscience, Consciousness

Emmanuel Levinas, the Holocaust and the Logic of Witness
  • Sandor Goodhart


What is the difference between consciousness and conscience? The first, we say, is a matter of perception or awareness. In philosophy, for example, I am a subject of consciousness before an object of knowledge. The second is a matter of moral authority, the degree to which I am constrained or governed by a voice which speaks to me of what I should or should not do. In Freudian language (as opposed to Kantian language), the first would correspond to the scheme conscious, pre-conscious, unconscious, the second to the scheme id, ego, and supergo, where conscience would translate superego. In French, the same word, conscience, designates both.


Terrorist Bombing English Language Version Authorial Attribution Conscience Morale Poetic Image 
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandor Goodhart

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