Bargains for Peace: Military Adjustments during Post-war Peacebuilding

  • Fred Tanner
Part of the Global Issues Series book series (GLOISS)


Regardless of how bloody and protracted civil wars may be, in the end all of them are somehow bound to terminate. But, the transition from war to durable peace is rarely clear-cut. Today’s armed conflicts tend to end in ambiguous fashion and the cycle of violence continues to hamper the post-settlement peacebuilding periods. A peace settlement is not often a finite endpoint of a conflict cycle, but may simply represent a temporary, mutually agreed abatement of violence below the threshold of war that may at any time during peacebuilding return to full-scale war. The post-settlement peacebuilding phase is a period during which the parties manage the conflict without resorting to force.1


Peace Process Normative Balance Peace Agreement Peace Settlement Communal Reintegration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    For a study with a longitudinal approach to conflict ending, see Gary Goertz and Paul Diehl, ‘Enduring Rivalries: Theoretical Constructs and Empirical Patterns’, International Studies Quarterly, vol. 37, no. 2, 1993, pp. 147–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stephen John Stedman, ‘Spoiler Problems in Peace Processes’, International Security, Fall 1997, pp. 5–53; Chester A. Crocker and Fen Osler Hampton, Making Peace Settlement Work’, Foreign Policy, no. 104, 1996, pp. 54–71; Roy Licklider, ‘The Consequences of Negotiated Settlements in Civil Wars, 1945–1993’, American Political Science Review, vol. 89, no 3, 1995, pp. 681–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barbara W. Walter, ‘The Critical Barrier to Civil War Settlement’, International Organization, vol. 51, no. 3, Summer 1997, p. 336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Paul Kecskemeti, ‘Political Rationality in Ending War’, The Annals of the American Academy, vol. 392, November, 1970, p. 111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barry Posen introduces this term for situations when states lose their ability to provide credible security guarantees to vulnerable groups; ‘The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict’, in Michael Brown (ed.). Ethnic Conflict and International Security, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993, pp. 103–24.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nicole Ball, ‘The Challenge of Rebuilding War-torn Societies’, in Chester A. Crocker and Fen Osler Hampson (eds), Managing Global Chaos, Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace, 1996, p. 609.Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    See, for instance, Itshak Lederman, The Arab-Israeli Experience in Verification and Its Relevance to Conventional Arms Control in Europe, Occasional Paper no. 2, CISSM, University of Maryland, 1989.Google Scholar
  8. 11.
    See, for instance, Posen (n. 5 above); David A. Lake and Donald Rothchild, ‘Containing Fear’, International Security, vol. 21, no. 2, Fall 1996, pp. 41–75; Jeremy Ginifer, ‘Protecting Displaced Persons through Disarmament’, Survival, vol. 40, no. 2, 1998, pp. 161–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 14.
    See Fred Tanner, ‘Weapons Control in Semi-permissive Environments: A Case for Compellence’, in Michael Pugh (ed.), The UN, Peace and Force, London: Frank Cass, 1997, pp. 126–45.Google Scholar
  10. 16.
    Trevor Findlay, Cambodia: The Legacy and Lessons from UNTAC, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  11. 21.
    Jeffrey D. McCausland, Conventional Arms Control and European Security, Adelphi Paper, no. 301, International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1996, p. 56.Google Scholar
  12. 22.
    Fen Osler Hampson, ‘Third-Party Roles in the Transition of Intercommunal Conflict’, Millennium, vol. 26, no. 3, 1997, p. 731.Google Scholar
  13. 24.
    See, for instance, Richard Holbrooke, To End a War, New York: Random House, 1998, or Admiral Leighton W. Smith’s remarks to the North Atlantic Council, Brussels, 17 July 1996.Google Scholar
  14. 25.
    Mohamed Sahnoun, ‘Prevention in Conflict Resolution: The Case of Somalia’, Irish Studies in International Affairs, vol. 5, 1994, p. 12.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred Tanner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations