Bargains for Peace: Military Adjustments during Post-war Peacebuilding

  • Fred Tanner
Part of the Global Issues Series book series (GLOISS)

Abstract

Regardless of how bloody and protracted civil wars may be, in the end all of them are somehow bound to terminate. But, the transition from war to durable peace is rarely clear-cut. Today’s armed conflicts tend to end in ambiguous fashion and the cycle of violence continues to hamper the post-settlement peacebuilding periods. A peace settlement is not often a finite endpoint of a conflict cycle, but may simply represent a temporary, mutually agreed abatement of violence below the threshold of war that may at any time during peacebuilding return to full-scale war. The post-settlement peacebuilding phase is a period during which the parties manage the conflict without resorting to force.1

Keywords

Europe Syria Explosive Resid Sine 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    For a study with a longitudinal approach to conflict ending, see Gary Goertz and Paul Diehl, ‘Enduring Rivalries: Theoretical Constructs and Empirical Patterns’, International Studies Quarterly, vol. 37, no. 2, 1993, pp. 147–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
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    See, for instance, Itshak Lederman, The Arab-Israeli Experience in Verification and Its Relevance to Conventional Arms Control in Europe, Occasional Paper no. 2, CISSM, University of Maryland, 1989.Google Scholar
  8. 11.
    See, for instance, Posen (n. 5 above); David A. Lake and Donald Rothchild, ‘Containing Fear’, International Security, vol. 21, no. 2, Fall 1996, pp. 41–75; Jeremy Ginifer, ‘Protecting Displaced Persons through Disarmament’, Survival, vol. 40, no. 2, 1998, pp. 161–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    See Fred Tanner, ‘Weapons Control in Semi-permissive Environments: A Case for Compellence’, in Michael Pugh (ed.), The UN, Peace and Force, London: Frank Cass, 1997, pp. 126–45.Google Scholar
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    Trevor Findlay, Cambodia: The Legacy and Lessons from UNTAC, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.Google Scholar
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    Jeffrey D. McCausland, Conventional Arms Control and European Security, Adelphi Paper, no. 301, International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1996, p. 56.Google Scholar
  12. 22.
    Fen Osler Hampson, ‘Third-Party Roles in the Transition of Intercommunal Conflict’, Millennium, vol. 26, no. 3, 1997, p. 731.Google Scholar
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    See, for instance, Richard Holbrooke, To End a War, New York: Random House, 1998, or Admiral Leighton W. Smith’s remarks to the North Atlantic Council, Brussels, 17 July 1996.Google Scholar
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    Mohamed Sahnoun, ‘Prevention in Conflict Resolution: The Case of Somalia’, Irish Studies in International Affairs, vol. 5, 1994, p. 12.Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred Tanner

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