The 1996–7 Elections in Chad: the Role of the International Observers

  • R. Buijtenhuijs


The observation of African elections by international teams, which has, in some sense, become a genuine industry in the 1990s, has given rise to a number of interesting publications. They can be classified in two different categories. The first consists of the ‘manual of the perfect observer’, a phrase used here in a positive sense. A good example is the work edited by U. Engel et al. (1994), although it has the drawback of only being available in German. The authors review problems which observers may encounter in the field and list the conditions which should be met if an observation mission is to be considered serious and valid. They also discuss the criteria an election in Africa has to satisfy to be recognized as a ‘free and fair election’. The work contains sixteen mission reports compiled by German observers on particular cases; these cover Namibia, Niger, Lesotho, Eritrea, Malawi, Burundi, Togo and the Central African Republic.


Presidential Election Central African Republic Electoral Campaign Press Conference Northern Province 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Buijtenhuijs

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