Islam and the State in Algeria and Morocco: A Dialectical Model

  • Mary-Jane Deeb

Abstract

Why are Islamic fundamentalist movements so powerful, and cohesive in their organization, their ideology, and their popular support in some parts of the Muslim world, while in others they are weaker, more fragmented, less able to mobilize support or provide a real challenge to the state? Using two countries in the Maghrib, namely Morocco and Algeria, this chapter attempts to find some answers and to make propositions that could apply not only to North Africa but also to the rest of the Arab world and perhaps beyond.

Keywords

Mold Assure Posit Arena Egypt 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Abdelbaki Hermassi, Leadership and National Development in North Africa: A Comparative Study (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1972).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fukuyama maintains that “Whether or not we acknowledge our debt to him, we owe to Hegel the most fundamental aspects of our present-day consciousness”; Francis Fukuyama, The End of History and the Last Man (New York: The Free Press: 1992), p. 59.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jamal Benomar, “The Monarchy, the Islamist Movement and Religious Discourse in Morocco,” Third World Quarterly, vol. 10, no. 2 (April 1988): 544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mohammed Tozy, “Monopolisation de la production symbolique et hiérarchisation du champ politico-religieux au Maroc,” Annuaire de l’Afrique du Nord (Paris: CNRS, 1979), pp. 219–23.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Henry Munson, Jr., “Morocco’s Fundamentalists,” Government and Opposition: Studies on North Africa (London), vol. 26 (Summer 1991): 331–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 7.
    Munson, op. cit., 335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 10.
    John Ruedy, Modem Algeria: The Origins and Development of a Nation (Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 1992, pp. 100–01.Google Scholar
  8. 11.
    Ibid., 102.Google Scholar
  9. 13.
    Raymond Vallin, “Muslim Socialism in Algeria,” in Man, State and Society in the Contemporary Maghrib, I. William Zartman, ed. (New York: Praeger Publishers, 1973), pp. 50–51.Google Scholar
  10. 14.
    Jean-Claude Vatin, “Popular Puritanism Versus State Reformism: Islam in Algeria,” in Islam in the Political Process, James Piscatori, ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983), p. 110.Google Scholar
  11. 15.
    Deeb, op. cit., 24.Google Scholar
  12. 16.
    See Robert Mortimer, “Islam and Multi-Party Politics in Algeria,” The Middle East Journal, vol. 45, no. 4 (Autumn 1991): 578–79.Google Scholar
  13. 17.
    Rémy Leveau, Le sabre et le turban: L’Avenir du Maghrib (Paris: François Bourin, 1993), pp. 128–29.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary-Jane Deeb

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations