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Secularism and Nationalism: The Political Discourse of ‘Abd al-Salam Yassin

  • Emad Eldin Shahin

Abstract

Analyzing the role of secularism and Islamism in the process of political and social change in today’s Morocco is a far more complex issue than contemporary development theory suggests. The theory assumes that religion is a traditional or, at best, a transitional, force that will wither in the process of modernization and growth of rationalism in society. In fact, the experience of the Middle East since the 1970s reveals that religion is becoming an ideological vehicle in the struggle for power. Traditional reassertions are increasingly playing a role in political and social mobilization that is inexplicable in terms of modernization theory and political change. This suggests that the phenomenon of Islamic revival may not be adequately understood or easily analyzed through a secular conceptual framework.

Keywords

Political Discourse Arabic Language Muslim Brotherhood Muslim Society Islamic Movement 
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Notes

  1. 2.
    William Zartman, “Political Dynamics in the Maghrib: The Cultural Dialectic,” in Halim Barakat, ed., Contemporary North Africa (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University, 1985), pp. 28–30.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    See John Entelis, Culture and Counterculture in Moroccan Politics (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1989), pp. 77–100.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    For a detailed discussion of the Islamic movements in Morocco, see Mohamed Tozy, “Champ et contre champ politico-religieux au Maroc,” Thèse Pour le Doctorat d’État en Science Politique, Marseille Faculté de Droit et de Science Politique d’Aix, 1984; Emad Shahin, “The Restitution of Islam: A Comparative Study of the Islamic Movements in Contemporary Tunisia and Morocco,” unpublished Ph.D. diss., The Johns Hopkins University, School of International Studies, 1989; and Henry Munson, “Morocco,” in The Politics of Islamic Revivalism: Diversity and Unity, Shireen T. Hunter, ed. (Bloomington and Indianapolis, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 1988).Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Dale Eickelman, “Religion and Power in Polity and Society,” in The Political Economy of Morocco, I.W. Zartman, ed. (New York: Praeger Publications, 1987), pp. 89 and 92.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    ’Abd al-Salam Yassin, Al-Islam ghadan (Islam Tomorrow) (Casablanca: Matba’at al-Najah, 1973), p. 693.Google Scholar
  6. 8.
    ‘Abd al-Salam Yassin. Al-Islam wal-qawmiyya al-’ilmaniyya (Islam and Secular Nationalism) (Casablanca: Dar al-Khattabi lil-Tiba’a wal-Nashr, 1989), pp. 28–29.Google Scholar
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    Ibid., 10–11.Google Scholar
  8. 10.
    Ibid., 12.Google Scholar
  9. 11.
  10. 12.
    Ibid., 14–5.Google Scholar
  11. 13.
    Ibid., 17–23.Google Scholar
  12. 14.
    Ibid., 88–90.Google Scholar
  13. 15.
    Ibid., 119–22.Google Scholar
  14. 16.
    Ibid., 133–37.Google Scholar
  15. 17.
    Ibid., 144–70.Google Scholar
  16. 18.
    Ibid., 45–6.Google Scholar
  17. 19.
    Ibid., 48–63.Google Scholar
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    Ibid., 85–8.Google Scholar
  19. 21.
    Ibid., 116–8.Google Scholar
  20. 22.
    Ibid., 124–5.Google Scholar
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    Ibid., 121–3.Google Scholar
  22. 24.
    See Muhammad ’Adid al-Jabri, Al-Maghrlb al-mu’asir: Al-Khususiyyah wal-huwiyyah, al-hadathah wal-tanmiyyah (Contemporary Morocco: Uniqueness and Identity, Modernity and Development) (Casablanca: Mu’assat Binshira lil-Tiba’a wal-Nashr, 1988), p. 73.Google Scholar
  23. 44.
    ‘Abd al-Salam Yassin, “Al-Jihad tanziman wa zahfan” (Jihad: Organization and March), Al-Jama’a, no. 11 (May 1983): 51.Google Scholar
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    Ibid., 54–5.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emad Eldin Shahin

There are no affiliations available

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