Globalization and Transnational Underground Economic Activities: Consequences for States and Civil Societies

  • Okechukwu C. Iheduru
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)


Globalization is a universal process or set of processes that generate a multiplicity of linkages and interconnections that transcend the states and societies that make up the modern world system.1 Five major developments define this set of spatial processes, namely (a) extremely rapid growth in international financial transactions; (b) rapid growth in trade, especially among transnational corporations (TNCs); (c) very rapid growth in foreign direct investment (FDI) by TNCs; (d) a decline in market segmentation, the emergence of global markets, and the convergence of many prices on a global scale; and (e) the global diffusion of technology and ideas via a global transportation and communication system.2 These developments have generally been praised by some writers for giving rise to increasing social, political and economic cohesion and interaction regardless of national borders.3


Foreign Direct Investment Civil Society Organize Crime Money Laundering Organize Crime Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

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  • Okechukwu C. Iheduru

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