Mercenaries pp 26-32 | Cite as

Southern Africa (1) Rhodesia

  • Guy Arnold


The decade of the 1970s witnessed a major change in the position of the white minority governments in Southern Africa. The military coup of April 1974 which brought an end to the long-lived Caetano government in Portugal also signalled the end of the Portuguese African empire. The short-lived Portuguese government of General Antonio Spinola who led the military overthrow of Caetano did not favour rapid decolonization but he was replaced in September 1974 by the more radical General Francisco da Costa Gomes who determined to grant rapid independence to Angola and Mozambique and was prepared to override the wishes of the white settlers in those two colonies in order to do so. Mozambique was to become independent on 25 June 1975, and Angola on 11 November of that year.


Security Force Military Coup Western Government White Settler International Herald Tribune 
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  1. 1.
    International Herald Tribune (Paris), 23/06/1975.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Southern Africa: The Year of the Whirlwind, African Contemporary Record 1976–77, p A50.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Robin Wright, International Herald Tribune (Paris), 10/12/1976.Google Scholar
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    Daily Despatch (East London South Africa), 22/12/1976.Google Scholar
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    International Herald Tribune (Paris), 10/12/1976.Google Scholar
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    The Star (Johannesburg), 24/07/1976.Google Scholar
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    Bruce Oudes, The United States’ Year in Africa, Africa Contemporary Record 1976–77, p A76.Google Scholar
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    The Guardian, 01/02/1978.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Guy Arnold 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guy Arnold

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