The Commission

  • Laura Cram
Chapter

Abstract

Scholars of European integration and of the EU policy process invariably ask a number of key questions: Who runs this process? Which actor or set of actors is most influential within it? To what extent are intergovernmental actors, particularly the member states, in control, or is it the case that supranational actors and institutions also have an important role to play? A considerable amount of attention inevitably focuses on the role played by the Commission. Is the Commission simply the servant of the member states or does it have a degree of autonomous influence at the EU level?

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Christiansen, T. (1996) ‘A Maturing Bureaucracy’, in J. Richardson (ed.), European Union: Power and Policy-Making. London: Routledge, pp. 77–95.Google Scholar
  2. Christiansen, T. (1997) ‘Tensions of European Governance: Politicized Bureaucracy and Multiple Accountancy in the European Commission’. Journal of European Public Policy, vol. 4, pp. 73–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cini, M. (1996) The European Commission. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. Commission (1997a) Agenda 2000, in Bulletin of the European Union, Supplement 5/97.Google Scholar
  5. Commission (1997b) Commission Communication to the IGC, 5 March 1997, in Bulletin of the European Union, 3/1997: point 1.1.Google Scholar
  6. Commission (1998) Legislate Less to Act Better: The Facts (COM (1998) 345 final).Google Scholar
  7. Committee of Independent Experts (1999) First Report on Allegations Regarding Fraud, Mismanagement and Nepotism in the European Commission (15 March 1999). Brussels: European Commission.Google Scholar
  8. Coombes, D. (1970) Politics and Bureaucracy in the European Community. London: Unwin.Google Scholar
  9. Cram, L. (1993) ‘Calling the Tune Without Paying the Piper? Social Policy Regulation: The Role of the Commission in European Union Social Policy’, Policy and Politics, vol. 21, pp. 135–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cram, L. (1994) ‘The European Commission as a Multi-Organization: Social Policy and IT Policy in the EU’, Journal of European Public Policy, vol. 1, pp. 195–217.Google Scholar
  11. Cram, L. (1997) Policy-Making in the European Union: Conceptual Lenses and the Integration Process. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Dinan, D. (1997) ‘The Commission and the Reform Process’, in G. Edwards and A. Pijpers (eds), The Politics of European Treaty Reform. London: Pinter pp. 188–211.Google Scholar
  13. Drake, H. (1995) ‘Political Leadership and European Integration: The Case of Jacques Delors’, West European Politics, vol. 18, pp. 140–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Edwards, G. and Spence, D. (eds) (1994) The European Commission. Harlow: Longman.Google Scholar
  15. Haas, E. (1958) The Uniting of Europe. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Majone, G. (1993) ‘The European Community: Between Social Policy and Social Regulation’, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 31, pp. 153–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mazey, S. and Richardson, J. (1994) ‘The Commission and the Lobby’, in G. Edwards and D. Spence (eds), The European Commission. London: Longman pp. 169–87.Google Scholar
  18. Moravcsik, A. (1993) ‘Preferences and Power in the European Community: A Liberal Intergovernmentalist Approach’, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 31, pp. 473–524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nugent, N. (1995) ‘The Leadership Capacity of the European Commission’, Journal of European Public Policy, vol. 2, pp. 603–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nugent, N. (ed.) (1997) At the Heart of the Union: Studies of the European Commission. Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  21. Nugent, N. (1999) The Government and Politics of the European Union, 4th edn. Basingstoke: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Peters, B. G. (1994) ‘Agenda-Setting in the European Community’, Journal of European Public Policy, vol. 1, pp. 9–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Peters, B. G. (1992) ‘Bureaucratic Politics and the Institutions of the European Union’, in A. Sbragia (ed.), Euro-Politics: Institutions and Policy-Making in the ‘New’ European Union. Washington: The Brookings Institution pp. 75–122.Google Scholar
  24. Pollack, M. (1994) ‘Creeping Competence: The Expanding Agenda of the European Community’, Journal of Public Policy, vol. 14, pp. 97–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pollack, M. (1997) ‘Delegation, Agency and Agenda Setting in the European Community’, International Organization, vol. 51, pp. 99–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Richardson, J. (1993) ‘Doing Less by Doing More: British Government 1979–93’, in A New Role for the State?. Vienna: Bundesministerium fur Finanzen (HG).Google Scholar
  27. Ross, G. (1995) Jacques Delors and European Integration. Oxford: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  28. Santer, J. (1999) ‘Statement by President Jacques Santer the Day After the Resignation of the Members of the Commission’, 16 March. Brussels: European Commission.Google Scholar
  29. Usher, J. (1994) ‘The Commission and the Law’ in G. Edwards and D. Spence, (eds), The European Commission. London: Longman pp. 146–68.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Laura Cram 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura Cram

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations